Effective date: July 1, 2017 - June 27, 2018
One of WIOA's main purposes is to increase economic self-sufficiency (ESS) through workforce development activities.1
The U.S. Department of Labor expects local workforce development areas to follow a process for determining ESS standards for Adult and Dislocated Worker Program participants.2 The State has the discretion to develop and adopt a method for calculating ESS standards that addresses the income needs of households based on household size, ages of household members, and geographic location within the state.3 The DWD-DET, in turn, adopted a uniform approach for defining and determining ESS that is to be used statewide for Adult and Dislocated Worker Program participants.
For purposes of the Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs, the DWD-DET defines "economic self-sufficiency" as the minimum amount of income required for a household4 to meet its most basic expenses, without public or private assistance. Under WIOA, this amount must always be equal to or greater than 100 percent of the Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL), by family size.5
In this definition, "income" means income earned from employment and includes:6
Earned income is NOT:
To be considered economically self-sufficient, an Adult or Dislocated Worker Program participant must:
A Dislocated Worker Program participant must meet the above criteria and one of the following:
The DWD-DET adopted a method for calculating economic self-sufficiency levels that uses credible federal and state datasets addressing typical costs for housing, transportation, food, health care, childcare, taxes, and other miscellaneous costs.8 This method produces the "ESS Standard," which is a statewide dataset that accounts for household composition (i.e. the number and ages of people in a household) and county of residence when determining the income needed to meet basic household costs. The DWD-DET will ensure that the ESS Standard is refreshed every three years to represent changes in costs of basic needs.
The ESS Calculator is accessible in ASSET through the "Manage Planning Tools" menu item. To create a new ESS calculation click "Add Self-sufficiency" and complete the required fields. Career planners have 24 hours to make changes before the calculations are no longer editable. A training video is available for the ESS Calculator.
Career planners must use the DWD-DET's ESS Calculator to establish whether a program participant's ESS level. The career planner enters the participant's information into the calculator based on the field prompts. From there, the ESS Calculator provides the following output:
The participant is not required to provide documentation of household income used for the calculation. Self-reporting by the participant is an acceptable source of the information. Since the information provided may be used as a basis to approve or deny training services, the career planner must ensure that the self-reported information is documented in writing with a signed attestation by the participant that the information is true and correct. This may be accomplished by including the income and household composition information in the local workforce area's program intake form or having the participant sign a printout of the ESS Calculator's results.
There are two times when career planners are required to use the ESS Calculator — when enrolling a new participant and to justify placing a participant into training.
When creating a new ESS calculation in ASSET, select the checkbox "Training."
Career planners are not required to calculate and use ESS except upon enrollment of a participant or to justify training. However, they may wish to use it in a variety of other ways to increase the quality of services provided to program participants. Examples include: