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Work Permit Officer Handbook: Index of Prohibited Work

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Index to Prohibited or Restricted Employment

An employment of minors work permit does not allow the employment of a minor in prohibited work and does not protect the employer if it allows the minor to do any work that is prohibited by statute or restricted by order.

Adult Bookstores

  1. Prohibited to all minors - all occupations
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(1).

Agricultural

  1. OK for 16 and over. Hours per week, time of day, and hazardous employments regulated.
  2. NOTE: This section does not apply to the employment of a minor engaged in farm work performed outside school hours in connection with the minor's own home farm and directly for his or her parent or guardian, or on another farm, with the consent of minor's parent or guardian where the farm work is primarily an exchange of labor with another farmer. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.15.
  3. No permit is necessary.
  4. Prohibited under 16
    1. Operating or assisting in the operation of machinery, including, but not limited to, farm type tractors and other self-propelled vehicles. Except that minors trained under either the 4-H federal extension service or the U.S. office of education vocational agriculture training programs may work on equipment permitted by their certificate of training. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).
    2. Operating or assisting to operate (including starting, stopping, adjusting, feeding or any other activity involving physical contact associated with the operation) any of the following machines:
      1. Corn picker
      2. Cotton picker
      3. Grain Combine
      4. Hay mower
      5. Forage
      6. Harvester
      7. Hay baler
      8. Potato digger
      9. Mobile pea viner
      10. Feed grinder
      11. Crop dryer
      12. Forage blower
      13. Auger conveyor
      14. Unloading mechanism of a non-gravity type self-unloading wagon or trailer
      15. Power post hole digger
      16. Power post driver
      17. Non-walking type rotary tiller
      18. Trencher
      19. Forklift
      20. Potato combine
      21. Power-driven circular, band or chain saw - SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
    3. Working a yard, pen or stall occupied by a:
      1. Bull
      2. Boar
      3. Stud horse maintained for breeding purposes
      4. Sow with suckling pigs
      5. Cow with newborn calf (with umbilical cord present)
    4. Timber with butt diameter of more than 6 inches:
      1. Felling
      2. Bucking
      3. Skidding
      4. Loading
      5. Unloading
    5. Ladder or scaffold at a height of over 20 feet:
      1. Painting
      2. Repairing
      3. Building structures
      4. Pruning trees
      5. Picking fruit
    6. Driving a bus, truck or automobile when transporting passengers, or riding on a tractor as a passenger or helper
    7. Working inside:
      1. Fruit, forage or grain storage designed to retain an oxygen deficient or toxic atmosphere
      2. Upright silo within 2 weeks after silage has been added or where a top loading devide is in operation
      3. Manure pit
      4. Horizontal silo while operating a tractor for packing purposes
    8. Handling or applying agricultural chemicals identified by the word "poison" or the "skull and crossbones" on the label including the following:
      1. Cleaning
      2. Decontaminating equipment
      3. Disposal or return of empty containers
      4. Serving as a flagman for aircraft
    9. Handling or using a blasting agent such as:
      1. Dynamite
      2. Black Powder
      3. Sensitized ammonium nitrate
      4. Blasting caps
      5. Primer cord
    10. Anhydrous ammonia
      1. Transporting
      2. Transferring
      3. Applying
  5. SEE Ladders, Roofing, Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6), DWD 270.15, and Occupations involved in Agriculture 29 CFR § 570.71

Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows

  1. OK for 16 and over to load or unload passengers on water slides
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS- All other rides:
    1. Any rides (animal or device) or machinery:
      1. Operating
      2. Assisting to operate
      3. Erection or dismantling
      4. Setting up
      5. Adjusting
      6. Repairing
      7. Oiling or cleaning
      8. Loading or unloading passengers
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2) & DWD 270.13(18).

Amusement or Recreational Centers In or About, Commercial

  1. OK for 14 and over in establishments such as:
    1. Arcades
    2. Arenas
    3. Auditoriums
    4. Billiar halls and pool rooms
    5. Bowling lanes
    6. Coliseums
    7. Dance hall and pavilions
    8. Duck pin alleys
    9. Karting tracks (no loading and unloading passengers)
    10. Race tracks (no pari-mutuel betting)
    11. Roller skating rinks
    12. Stadiums
    13. Theaters
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Apprentices, Adult Program

Employment of minors permits are not needed for apprentices indentured by the Department of Workforce Development and they are NOT subject to prohibited employments when they are performing a service within the provisions of their contract. Wis. Stat. § 103.70(1) and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.05(2)(e).

Apprentices, Youth

  1. SEE Manufacturing & Construction Equipment & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(13)

Arcades

  1. OK for 14 and over

Arenas

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Asbestos, Chrysotile, Crocidolite, Amosite, Tremolite, Anthophyllite and Actinolite

  1. Prohibited to All Minors - Occupations or duties involving exposure to these substances.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(3).

Auditoriums

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Automobiles

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Babysitting

  1. OK for 12 and over in non-business home.
  2. OK for 14 and over in a business
  3. No permit necessary if work is performed in private homes, not in association with a business. Permits are required if work is done for a business.
  4. Hours, times of day, and days per week are not regulated. In businesses, hours are regulated.
  5. SEE Domestic Employment & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.05(2)(i).

Bakeries

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Bakery Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).

Bakery Machines

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. Operation, assisting to operate, or setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning any:
    1. Horizontal or vertical dough mixer
    2. Batter mixer
    3. Bread dividing machine
    4. Rounding machine
    5. Molding machine
    6. Dough brake
    7. Dough sheeter
    8. Combination bread slicing and wrapping machine
    9. Cake cutting band saw
  3. Setting up or adjusting a cookie or cracker machine.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).

Bands, Combos, Orchestras, Musicians

  1. No permit necessary. No minimum age.
  2. Prohibited to ALL Minors - Playing in a:
    1. Roadhouse
    2. Cabaret
    3. Dance hall
    4. Night club
    5. Tavern
    6. Or other similar places
  3. These prohibitions do not apply to theatres, dinner theaters, or dances held solely for minors, conducted by private clubs or civics organizations.
  4. SEE Public Exhibition & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

Band Saws

  1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

Beer Depots and Liquor Stores

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Billiard Halls

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Bingo

  1. Prohibited to All Minors - Occupations involving conducting or assisting in the operation of the bingo game.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(5) & Wis. Stat. § 563.51(13)(b), which regulates bingo games contains a similar prohibition.

Brick, Tile and Kindred Products

  1. OK for 16 and over in offices in silica brick manufacturers or silica refractories. All other activities prohibited.
  2. Prohibited to All Minors - All occupations in and about establishments in which clay constructions products are manufactured.
    1. Brick
    2. Hollow structural tile
    3. Sewer pipe and kindred products
    4. Refractories
    5. Architectural terra cotta
    6. Glazed structural tile
    7. Roofing tile
    8. Stove lining
    9. Chimney pipes and tops
    10. Wall coping
    11. Drain tile
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(6).

Boats and Vessels

  1. OK for 16 and over - Commercial Use.
  2. SEE Transportation & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(19).

Bouncers, Crowd Control

  1. Prohibited to All Minors - In establishments where liquor is present.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Bowling Alleys

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Breweries

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).
  3. SEE Manufacturing, Mining or Processing.

Brewery Offices

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Building Trades

  1. OK for 16 and over (General Employment).
  2. SEE Construction & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(5).

Buses

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - driving
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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CBRFs (Community-Based Residential Facilities)

  1. OK for 16 and over under the following conditions
    • CBRFs are not required to have licensed practical nurses or registered nurses on the premises at all times.
    • If students work as CNAs are employed under 18 years of age, they must work on site with another qualified caregiver; they may not work alone.
    • A facility waiver must be issued from the Department of Health Services, Division of Quality Assurance, for Youth Apprentice-ship students placed in CBRFs. For more information or to re-quest a waiver, contact the Assisted Living Regional Director in the county in which the facility is located. See http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/rl_DSL/Contacts/alsreglmap.htm

CNAs (Certified Nursing Assistants)

  1. OK for 16 and over after passing CNA competency test.

Cabs

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - driving.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

Caddies on Golf Courses

  1. OK for 12 and over
  2. SEE Golf Courses & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.10(2)(d) & DWD 270.17.

Camps

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. Work must be in accordance with all provisions of the minimum wage and employment of minors regulations.

Canning Factories

  1. OK for 16 and over
  2. Special regulations for 16 and 17 employed during canning season.

Carnivals

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2) & DWD 270.13(18).

Car Washes

  1. OK for 14 and over IF no driving.
  2. OK for 15 and over to drive car on lot into wash, not on public streets.

Catering

  1. OK for 16 and over with direct adult supervision.
  2. OK for 14 and over IF work in office, workroom, or kitchen IF preparing and serving food and beverages with adult supervision including use of dishwashers, toasters, dumbwaiters, microwaves, popcorn poppers, blenders, automatic coffee machines, and devices used to maintain temperature of prepared food (such as warmers, steam tables and heat lamps).
  3. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors relations
  4. SEE Cooking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(10).

Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws and Guillotine Shears

  1. OK for 16 and over IF power-driven fixed or portable machines are equipped with full automatic feed and ejection AND a fixed guard.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
    1. Operator or helper, setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning on the following power-driven fixed or portable machines.
      • NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable parts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
      1. Circular saws
      2. Band saws
      3. Guillotine shears
      4. Chain saws
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

Cleaning

  1. OK for 14 and over
    1. Janitorial
    2. Medical and Lab Cleaning
  2. SEE Infectious Agents & Power-driven Machinery.

Clubhouses

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Coal Mine

  1. OK for 16 and over
    1. Refuse picking at a picking table or picking chute in a tipple or breaker.
    2. Office duties
    3. Repair and maintenance shops on the mine surface
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
    1. All Occupations in or about a coal mine which are:
      1. Performed underground
      2. In an open pit
      3. On the surface part of a plant contributing to the
        1. Extraction
        2. Grading
        3. Clearing
        4. Handling
  3. Wis. Admin Code § DWD 270.12(8).

Coffee Shop

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Coliseums

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Combos, Bands, Musicians, Orchestras

  1. SEE Bands & Public Exhibition & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

Communications and Public Utilities

  1. OK for 16 and over
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § 270.13(4).

Confined Space

  1. Prohibited to All Minors
  2. All occupations or duties in an environment which by design or construction has limited openings for entry and egress, has unfavorable natural ventilation, could reasonably be believed by the employer to have dangerous air contaminants, or contain materials which may produce dangerous air contaminants, and is not intended for human occupancy.
  3. Confined spaces include, but are not limited to:
    1. Storage tanks
    2. Compartments of ships
    3. Process vessels
    4. Pits
    5. Silos
    6. Vats
    7. Degreasers
    8. Reaction vessels
    9. Boilers
    10. Ventilation and exhaust ducts
    11. Manholes
    12. Sewers
    13. Tunnels
    14. Underground utility vaults
    15. Pipelines
  4. Does NOT include heating system tunnels and vaults.
  5. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(7).

Construction

  1. OK for 16 and over (specific equipment or tasks are prohibited).
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Demolition. SEE Wrecking, Demolition and Ship-breaking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).
  3. All others -
    1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
    2. SEE Excavation Operations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(9).
    3. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
    4. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machinery & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § 270.13(5).

Cooking

  1. OK for 16 and over (specific equipment equipment such as meat slicers and bakery machines are prohibited).
  2. OK for 14 and over with direct adult supervision. Minors 14 and over may use dishwashers, toasters, dumbwaiters, microwaves, popcorn poppers, blenders, automatic coffee machines and devices used to maintain temperature of prepared food (such as warmers, steam tables and heat lamps) without adult supervision.
  3. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors regulations
  4. SEE Cooking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(10).

Cooperage Stock Mill

  1. SEE Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

Curb Service Restaurants and Stands

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors regulations
  3. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Dance Bands

  1. SEE Bands and Public Exhibition & Wis. Stat § 103.78.

Dance Halls

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors regulations
  3. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Delivery Drivers

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS as the driver.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

Demolition and Wrecking

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Demolition
  2. SEE Wrecking, Demolition and Ship-breaking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).

Distributing

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. SEE Street Trades & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.10(2).

Ditches

  1. OK for 16 and over IF in ditches and trenches not exceeding 4 feet in depth at any point.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - in trenches, tunnels and caissons over 4 feet in depth.
  3. SEE Excavation Operations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(9) & DWD 270.12(7)Confined Spaces.

Domestic Employment

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. No permit necessary if work is performed outside school hours.
  3. Hours, time of day, and days per week not regulated.
  4. NOTE: Work must be in connection with home of employer (such as caring for children, mowing laws, raking lawns, shoveling snow, etc.), not in connection with business, trade, or profession of employer.

Dredging

  1. SEE Mining, other than Coal, & Wis. Admin. Code DWD 270.12(20).

Drill Presses

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Drivers and Helpers

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Elevators

  1. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

Excavation Operations

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS:
    1. Occupations in trenches over 4 feet in depth
      1. Excavating
      2. Working in
      3. Backfilling
      4. Refilling
    2. Occupations for building or other structures
      1. Excavating
      2. Working in
    3. Working within tunnels or shafts prior to the completing of all driving and shoring operations.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(9) & DWD 270.12(7).

Exotic Dancers

  1. Prohibited to all minors.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(10).

Explosives

  1. OK for 16 and over in retail establishments where explosives are sold.
  2. OK for 16 and over in the following occupations in or about any establishment manufacturing or storing small arms ammunition IF:
    1. Manufacturing or storing small arms ammunition not exceeding .60 caliber in size, shotgun shells or blasting caps
    2. Manufacturing, mixing, transporting or handling explosive compounds used in small arms ammunition or duties performed in explosive areas where compounds are manufactured or mixed.
    3. Manufacturing, transporting, or handling of primers or duties in same building in which primers are manufactured.
    4. Priming of cartridges and duties in same workroom where rimfire cartridges are primed.
    5. Plate loading of cartridges.
    6. Operation of automatic loading machines.
    7. Blasting caps.
      1. Loading
      2. Inspecting
      3. Packing
      4. Shipping
      5. Storage
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Any occupation in or about establishments that manfacture or store explosives or explosive components > .60 caliber.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(11).

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Factories

  1. OK for 16 and over (General Employment).
  2. SEE:
    1. Bakery Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).
    2. Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
    3. Explosives & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(11).
    4. Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
    5. Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).
    6. Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).
    7. Paper Products Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(22).
    8. Radioactive Substances & Ionizing Radiations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).
    9. Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).
    10. Strikes and Lockouts & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(26).
    11. Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

Fairs

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2) & DWD 270.13(18).

Farm Type Tractors and Other Self-Propelled Vehicles

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Service Stations.
  3. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12) & DWD 270.13(14).

Floor Maintenance Equipment (Polishers and Scrubbers)

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Floor Sanders

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Food Slicers

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Meat Slicers and Saws & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

Forklift Trucks (Industrial)

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

Free Silica

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Brick, Tile and Kindred Products & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(6).

Fur Farm (Deemed Agriculture)

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. No permit necessary.
  3. Hours per week, time of day, hazardous employments regulated.
  4. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin Code § DWD 270.13(6).

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Garages

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Ladders, Service Stations, Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12), DWD 270.13(11), & DWD 270.13(14).

Gasoline Stations

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Ladders, Service Stations, Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12), DWD 270.13(11), & DWD 270.13(14).

Golf Courses/Golf Carts

  1. OK for 14 and over. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).
  2. OK for 14 and over in clubhouses. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).
  3. OK for power-driven golf carts 16 and over (not on roads).
  4. OK for 12 and over as caddies.
  5. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.10(2)(d) & DWD 270.17.

Gravel Pits, Mines and Quarries

  1. OK for 16 and over in offices or weigh stations.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Occupations in or about.
  3. SEE Mining, other than Coal, & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

Greenhouses

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. Not considered agriculture unless operated by farmer for food and farm plants. Employment of minors permits are required.
  3. SEE Ladders.

Grinder & Grinder Wheels

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Guillotine Shears

  1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

Gun Clubs

  1. OK for 16 and over as skeet and trap loaders, and for pullers and scorers if work performed on gun range itself.
  2. OK for 14 and over (General Employment)
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(8).

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Helper - Motor Vehicle

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus

  1. OK for minors to ride on a freight elevator operated by an assigned operator.
  2. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Operation or tending of any hoisting apparatus including:
      1. grease rack lift
      2. floor jacks
      3. service jacks
      4. hand jacks
    2. Operation of an unattended automatic operation passenger elevator or an electric or air-operated hoist IF not greater than one-ton. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12)(b).
    3. Patient Lifts - Can assist an adult worker in the operation of floor-based vertical powered patient/resident lift devices, ceiling mounted vertical powered patient/resident lift devices, and powered sit-to-stand patient/resident lift devices after completing a required CNA training program. U.S. Department of Labor - Wage & Hour Division, Field Assistance Bulletin 2011-3.
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Operation of power-driven hoisting apparatus
      1. Elevator (except automatic elevators)
      2. Crane
      3. Derrick
      4. Hoist
      5. High-lift truck, i.e. forklift
      6. Hydraulic lift (including non-power driven)
    2. Riding on power-driven hoisting apparatus
      1. Manlift
      2. Freight elevators (except one operated by assigned operator)
    3. Assisting in the operation of a crane, derrick or hoist as
      1. Crane hookers
      2. Crane chasers
      3. Hookers-on
      4. Riggers
      5. Rigger helpers
      6. Like occupations
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

Hospitals

  1. OK for 16 and over (personal care of patients). Personal care includes assisting the patient in dressing, bathing, eating, ambulation (walking from place to place), etc.
  2. For Patient Lifts - SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
  3. OK for 14 and over to push patients in wheelchairs, but no loading and unloading of the chair. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(9).

Hotels, Motels, Summer Resorts, and Clubhouses

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Infectious Agents

  1. Prohibited to all minors - All occupations or duties relating to exposure to bacterial, mycoplasmal, fungal, parasitic or viral agent identified by the department by rule as causing illness in humans or human fetuses or both, which is introduced by an employer to (purposely) be used, studied, or produced in the workplace.
  2. "Infectious agent' does NOT include such an agent in or on the body of a person who is present in the workplace for diagnosis and treatment.
  3. "Studied" does NOT include testing completed in diagnostic laboratories using standard precautions where blood, urine, and other bodily fluids are tested diagnostically.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(13).

Insecticides

  1. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

Ionizing or Radiation Exposure

  1. SEE Radioactive Substances & Ionizing Radiations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).

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Karting Tracks

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows.

Kiddie Rides

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals, and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).

Kitchen Work

  1. SEE Cooking.

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Ladders

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Roofing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(11).

Lath Mill

  1. SEE Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill, or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

Lathes

  1. OK for 16 and over. (NOT wood lathes).
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Lawn and Garden Equipment Including Sidewalk Type Snow Blowers

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. OK for Minors 14 and over in and around the private home of the employer and not in connection with his trade or business with proper instruction in the handling and maintenance of such equipment.
  3. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Lead

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - All occupations involving hazardous exposure to lead.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(16).

Lifeguards and Swimming Instructors and Aides

  1. OK for 16 and over as lifeguards, swimming instructors, and aides IF the minor has successfully completed a bona fide life saving course.
  2. OK for 15 as lifeguards IF the minor has successfully completed a bona fide life saving course AND an adult employee is on the premises when the 15-year-old is on duty.
  3. Minors age 14 can work in a basket room only.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(14) and 2017 Wisconsin Act 153.

Lifts

  1. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

Liquor

  1. OK for 14 and over in establishment where strong spirituous or malt liquors are manufactured, bottled, stored, sold or given away IF they are not serving, selling, dispensing or giving away that liquor.
  2. NOTE: Taking orders for liquor does not constitute serving, selling, dispensing or giving away liquor.
  3. Minors may not act as bouncers, crowd controllers, or identification checkers where liquor is present.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Lockouts

  1. SEE Strikes and Lockouts & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(26).

Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill, or Cooperage Stock Mill

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Offices
    2. Repair or maintenance shop
    3. Living and administrative quarters of logging camps
      1. Construction
      2. Operation
      3. Repair or maintenance
    4. Work in
      1. Timber cruising
      2. Surveying
      3. Logging-engineering parties
      4. Repair or maintenance of
        1. Roads
        2. Railroads
        3. Flumes
      5. Forest protection
        1. Clearing fire trails or roads
        2. Piling and burning slash
        3. Constructing and maintaining telephone lines
        4. Fire lookout or fire patrolman away from actual logging operations
      6. Occupations not done in conjunction with or at same time and place as other occupations declared hazardous
        1. Peeling fence posts
        2. Pulpwood
        3. Chemical wood
      7. Work in the feeding or care of animals related to logging
    5. Work in permanent saw mill, lath mill, shingle mill, or cooperage stock mills
      1. Offices
      2. Repair or maintenance shop
      3. Straightening, marking, or tallying lumber on the dry chain or the dry drop sorter
      4. Pulling lumber from the dry chain
      5. Cleanup in the lumberyard
      6. Piling, handling or shipping of cooperage stock in yards or storage sheds
      7. Clerical work in yards or shipping sheds such as done by order men, tallymen and shipping clerks
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. All occupations in logging, and in the operation of any saw mill, lath mill, shingle mill or cooperage stock mill.
      1. Felling or bucking of timber
      2. Collecting or transporting of logs
      3. Operation of or assisting in operation of power-driven machinery
      4. Handling or use of explosives
      5. Work on trestles
      6. Portable saw mill
      7. Lumberyard used for temporary storage of green lumber
      8. Entering of saw mill building
      9. Use of chain saws
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

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Machines

  1. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).
  2. SEE Bakery Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).
  3. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
  4. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
  5. SEE Metal forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machinery & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).
  6. SEE Paper Products Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(22).
  7. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).
  8. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

Manufacturing, Mining or Processing

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Factories; Machines; and Mining, other than Coal, & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(13).

Marinas

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. OK for 16 and over operating boats.

Meal Periods

  1. At least 30 minutes shall be allowed for each meal period reasonably close to the usual meal period time, namely 6 a.m., 12 noon, 6 p.m. and 12 midnight. In no case may a minor work more than 6 consecutive hours without a meal period.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.11(3).

Meat Grinders

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

Meat Packing

  1. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

Meat Slicers and Saws

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

Mercantile Establishment (Stores)

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Mercury

  1. SEE Mining other than Coal & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines

  1. OK for 16 and over IF pressing and punching machines are equipped with automatic feed and ejection and with a fixed barrier to prevent hands or fingers of the operator from entering the area between the dies; power presses; and plate punches.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Operator of or helper on the following power-driven metal forming, punching and shearing machines
    1. All rolling machines such as
      1. Bending
      2. Straightening
      3. Corrugating
      4. Flanging
      5. Bending rolls
      6. Hot or cold rolling mills
    2. All pressing or punching machines such as (except those with automatic feed and ejection)
      1. Punch press
      2. Power presses
      3. Plate punches
    3. All bending machines such as
      1. Apron brakes
      2. Press brakes
    4. All hammering machines such as
      1. Drop hammers
      2. Power hammers
    5. All shearing machines such as
      1. Guillotine or squaring shears
      2. Alligator shears
      3. Rotary shears
  3. Occupations of setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning machines including those with automatic feed and ejection. NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable parts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
  4. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).
  5. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & WI Admin. Code DWD 270.12(25).
  6. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

Mining other than Coal

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Offices, warehouse or supply house, change house, laboratory, and repair or maintenance shops not located underground.
    2. Operations and maintenance of living quarters
    3. Surveying, repair and maintenance of roads, general cleanup such as cleaning brush and digging drainage ditches
    4. Track crews for building and maintaining track in open-cut metal mines when mining and haulage is not conducted at same time and place
    5. Surface placer mining operations other than placer dredging and hydraulic placer operations
    6. Metal mills other than in mercury recovery mills or mills using cyanide process
      1. Jigs, sludge tables, flotation cells on drain filters
      2. Hand sorting at picking table or picking belt
      3. General cleanup
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. The term all occupations in connection with mining other than coal shall mean all work performed
      1. Underground in mines and quarries
      2. On the surface at underground mines and underground quarries
      3. Open-cut mines in or about
      4. Open quarries
      5. Clay pits
      6. Sand and gravel operations
      7. Placer mining operations at or about
      8. Dredging operations for clay, sand or gravel at or about
      9. Bore hole mining operations at or about
      10. Metal mills, washer plants or grinding mills reducing the bulk of the extracted minerals at or about
      11. Any other crushing, grinding, screening, sizing, washing or cleaning operations on extracted mineral except where part of a manufacturing process
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

Modeling

  1. No age limit. NOT in roadhouse, dance hall, tavern or similar place.
  2. No permit necessary.
  3. Parents must accompany minors under age 16.
  4. Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

Motels, Hotels

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper

  1. OK for 17-year-olds IF:
    1. Driving is only occasional and incidental.
    2. Driving is restricted to daylight hours.
    3. Driving takes place within a 30-mile radius of the place of employment.
    4. The motor vehicle does not exceed 6,000 pounds gross weight.
    5. The minor has a valid driving license for the type of driving involved.
    6. The minor has no record of moving violations at the time of hire.
    7. The vehicle is equipped with safety belts and seat belt instruction is provided.
    8. The driving may not involve any of the following:
      1. Towing of vehicles;
      2. Route of deliveries or route sales;
      3. Transportation for hire of property, goods or passengers
      4. Urgent, time-sensitive deliveries;
      5. Transporting more than 3 passengers who are employees of the employer at any time.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Outside helpers on motor vehicles. "Outside helper" means any individual, other than a driver, whose work includes riding on a motor vehicle outside the cab for the purpose of assisting in transporting or delivering goods.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

Mowers

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. OK for 14 and over IF non-power driven mowers.
  3. OK for 14 and over in and around the private home of the employer and not in connection with his trade, business or profession with proper instruction in the handling and maintenance of such equipment. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15)(c).
  4. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15)(b)4.

Musicians

  1. SEE Band, Combos, Orchestras, Musicians and Public Exhibition, & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

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Newspaper Delivery

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. SEE Street Trades & Wis. Stat. § 103.23(2). & Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 271.

Nail Guns

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
  2. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

Nursing Homes

  1. OK for 16 and over (personal care of patients). Personal care includes assisting the patient in dressing, bathing, eating, ambulation (walking from place to place), etc.
  2. For Patient Lifts - SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
  3. OK for 14 and over to push patients in wheelchairs, but no loading and unloading of the chair. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(9).

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Orchestras

  1. SEE Bands, Combos, Orchestra, Musicians and Public Exhibitions, & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

Outdoor Theaters

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Paper Products Machines

  1. OK for 16 and over IF die cutting press, platen printing press and punch press machines are equipped with automatic feed and ejection and with a fixed barrier to prevent hands or fingers of the operator from entering the area between the dies; power presses; and plate punches.
  2. OK for 16 and over - may load materials into, but not operate or unload, a scrap paper baler or box compactor IF:
    1. Equipment meets ANSI standard
    2. Equipment has on-off with key-lock system in control of an adult
    3. Equipment is off when not in use
    4. Equipment has posted notice of employment of minors restrictions
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Operating or assisting to operate any of the following power-driven paper products machines
      1. Arm type wire stitcher or stapler
      2. Circular or band saw
      3. Corner cutter or mitering machine
      4. Corrugating and single or double facing machine
      5. Envelope die cutting press
      6. Guillotine paper cutter or shear
      7. Horizontal bar scorer
      8. Laminating or combining machine
      9. Sheeting machine
      10. Scrap paper baler
      11. Vertical slotter
    2. Machines involving hand feeding
      1. Platen die cutting press
      2. Platen printing press
      3. Punch press
    3. Occupation of setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning these machines. NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable parts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(22).

Parent-Owned Business

  1. OK for 12 and over IF a parent owns the business.
  2. Children employed or permitted to work at any gainful occupation for their parent or guardian must be employed in compliance with the employment of minors regulations.
  3. Wis. Stat. § 103.70, 103.67(2)(g) & 103.82(3).

Park Stands

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Patient Lifting

  1. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

Pavilions

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Pool Rooms

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Power-Driven Machinery (light)

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Operation or assisting in operation of the following machines:
      1. Lawn and grader equipment/power mower and riding lawn mower
      2. Snow blowers
      3. Drill presses
      4. Grinder wheels
      5. Lathes (NOT Wood Lathes)
      6. Portable power-driven machinery such as
        1. Drills
        2. Sanders
        3. Polishers (floor)
        4. Scrubbers (floor)
      7. Welding, light
      8. Spot welding
      9. Power-driven golf carts (NOT on public roads)
      10. Weed string trimmers (NOT bladed)
  2. OK for 14 and over -
    1. Automatic washing machines
    2. Vacuum cleaners
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Press Brakes

  1. SEE Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

Private Clubs

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Processing

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Manufacturing, Mining and Processing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(13).

Public Exhibition

  1. No permit necessary
  2. No minimum age except that no minor under 18 may work in the following public exhibition:
    1. Roadhouse
    2. Cabaret
    3. Dance hall
    4. Night club
    5. Tavern
    6. Or other similar place
  3. NOTE: These prohibitions do not apply to theatres, dinner theaters or dances held solely for minors, conducted by private clubs or civic organizations.
  4. Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

Public Messenger Service

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21) & DWD 270.13(16).

Public Utilities

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Ladders & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(4).

Punching Machines

  1. SEE Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

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Quarries, Mines, Gravel Pits

  1. SEE Mining other than Coal & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

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Racetracks and Fairs with Pari-Mutuel Betting

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(17).

Radioactive Substances and Ionizing Radiations

  1. OK for 16 and over in workrooms with radioactive substances IF -
    1. The radioactive substances present in the air are average concentrations less than 10% of maximum permissible concentrations recommended for occupational exposure.
    2. The ionizing radiation exposure to ionizing radiations is less than 0.5 rem per year.
    3. The radioactive substances are NOT mixtures of phosphorescent material and radium, mesothorium, or other radioactive material, OR incandescent mantles made from fabric and thorium salt solutions.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Students are not allowed in any workroom with exposure to ionizing radiations OR to any mixture of phosphorescent material and radium, mesothorium, or other radioactive material is stored, used, or made OR incandescent mantles made from fabric and thorium salt solutions are processed and packaged.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).

Railroads

  1. SEE Transportation & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(19).

Recreations Centers

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Rendering

  1. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

Resorts

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Restaurants

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Cooking
    2. Baking
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Meat slicers and grinders
    2. Serving, selling, dispensing, giving away alcoholic beverages
  4. SEE Liquor, Meat Slicers, Bakery Machines, Cooking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4), DWD 270.12(15), DWD 270.13(10).

Riding Academy

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2), DWD 270.13(18).

Roller Skating Rinks

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Roofing or Work On or About a Roof

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Occupations performed in roofing OR on or about a roof.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(24)

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Salvage

  1. SEE Wrecking, Demolition and Shipbreaking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).

Sanders

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Saws

  1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

Saw Mills

  1. SEE Logging, Saw-Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

Scaffolds

  1. SEE Ladders & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(11).

Service Stations

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Operation or assisting in the operation:
      1. grease rack lifts
      2. service jacks
      3. hand jacks
      4. air compressors
      5. tire changers
      6. truck tire changers
      7. wheel balancers
      8. work in pits
      9. work involving the inflation of any tire mounted on arm equipped with a removable retaining ring
      10. hoists one ton or less
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Operation or assisting in the operation of:
      1. hoists used on tow trucks no matter the capacity
      2. towing of vehicles
      3. cranes
  3. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12), DWD 270.13(3), DWD 270.14(14).

Shearing Machines

  1. SEE Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

Shingle Mill

  1. SEE Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

Shoe Shining

  1. OK for 14 and over in stand or barber shop. Wis. Stat. § 103.70.
  2. OK for 12 and over on any street or public place (Street Trades). Wis. Stat. § 103.21 & 103.22, & Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 271.

Skating Rinks

  1. OK for 14 and over.

Skeet Trap Shooting

  1. OK for 16 and over as skeet and trap loaders, and for pullers and scorers if work performed on gun range itself.
  2. OK for 14 and over (General Employment).
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(8).

Ski Hill

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Slaughtering, Meat Packing, Processing or Rendering

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Messengers
    2. Runners
    3. Hand truckers
    4. Similar occupations
    5. Packaging and shipping lard and oils
    6. Lard roll machines
    7. Bacon cutting machines
    8. Belly rolling machines
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Packing establishments, rendering plants, or wholesale, retail or service establishments
      1. Killing floor
      2. Curing cellars
      3. Hide cellars
      4. Recovery of lard and oils
      5. Tankage or rendering of the following into stock feeds, tallow, inedible greases, fertilizer ingredients and similar products.
        1. Dead Animals
        2. Animal offal
        3. Animal fats
        4. Scrap meats
        5. Blood
        6. Bones
      6. Operation or feeding of the following power-driven meat processing machines, including setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning.
        1. Meat patty forming machines
        2. Meat and bone cutting:
          1. Saws
          2. Knives
          3. Head splitters
          4. Guillotine cutters
          5. Snout pullers & jaw pullers
          6. Skinning machines
      7. Horizontal rotary washing machines
      8. Casing-clearing machines such as
        1. Crushing
        2. Stripping
        3. Finishing
      9. Grinding machines
      10. Mixing machines
      11. Chopping machines
      12. Hashing machines
      13. Presses
      14. All boning occupations
      15. Pushing or dropping of any suspended
        1. Carcass
        2. Half carcass
        3. Quarter carcass
      16. Hand lifting or hand carving
        1. Suspended carcass (beef, pork or horse)
        2. Half carcass (beef, pork or horse)
        3. Quarter carcass (beef or horse)
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

Snow Blowers

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. OK for 14 and over in and around the private home of the employer and not in connection with his trade, business or profession with proper instruction in the handling and maintenance of such equipment.
  3. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Special Needs Employee

  1. Must have employment of minors permit even IF having a special minimum wage license.

Spraying or Dusting

  1. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

Stadiums

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Minors may not act as bouncers, crowd controllers or identification checkers where liquor is present.
  3. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Staple Guns

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

Storage

  1. SEE Warehousing and Storage & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(20).

Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).

Street Trades

  1. OK for 12 and over. Selling & delivering newspapers, magazines and other merchandise, such as ice cream on public streets.
  2. NOTE: House to house for profit employers, who recruit minors to conduct street trades from house to house such as selling candy, pot holders, etc. are required to have a street trade permit, but must first obtain a written certification from the Department before a permit can be issued.
  3. Wis. Stat. § 103.23(1) & Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 271.

Strikes and Lockouts

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Any occupations performed in or on the premises of any establishment where a strike or lockout is in active progress including picketing.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(26).

Swimming Instructor Aids and Lifeguards

  1. OK for 16 and over as lifeguards, swimming instructors, and aids IF the minor has successfully completed a bona fide life saving course.
  2. Minors 14 and 15 can work in basket room only.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 270.12(14).

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Taverns

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

Taxi

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

Television (TV) Antenna and TV Cable

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
  2. SEE Roofing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(24).

Theaters

  1. OK for 14 and over

Tower Erection

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Roofing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(24).

Tractors (Farm-Type) and Other Self-Propelled Vehicles

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. Under certain conditions, OK for 14 and over.
  3. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

Transportation of Persons or Property

  1. SEE Boats.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

Trap Shooting and Skeet Loading

  1. OK for 16 and over as skeet and trap loaders, and for pullers and scorers if work performed on gun range itself.
  2. OK for 14 and over (General Employment).
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(8).

Traveling Shows and Street Carnivals

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(18).

Tree Trimming

  1. OK for 16 and over. No power-driven saws.
  2. OK for 12 and over. Tree Farms with no other business = Agriculture. Can trim trees on a farm with non-power tools, with ladders no more than 20 feet higher.
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Farms with trees having butts more than 6" in diameter, over 15 feet long to be loaded in trucks would be considered logging.
  4. Tree Wreath Making - Christmas tree wreath making is manufacturing and the minor must be 16.
  5. SEEAgriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

Trenches

  1. OK for 16 and over to work in ditches and trenches not exceeding 4 feet in depth at any point.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Trenches, tunnels and caissons over 4 feet in depth.
  3. SEE Excavation Operations and Confined Space & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(7) and DWD 270.12(9).

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Warehousing and Storage

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(20).

Water Slides

  1. OK for 16 and over to load and unload water slide riders.
  2. SEE Amusements, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals, and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).

Welding

  1. OK for 16 and over to do light or spot welding.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

Woodworking Power-Driven Machines

  1. OK for 16 and over.
    1. Removal of material or refuse if it has been conveyed away from table or point of operation by gravity chute, or by a mechanical means such as a moving belt or expulsion roller.
      1. From a Circular saw
      2. From a Guillotine-action veneer clipper
    2. Operations that do not involve removing material or refuse directly from a saw table or from the point of operation.
      1. Carrying
      2. Moving
      3. Transporting
      4. Piling
      5. Stacking
      6. Arranging material for feeding by another person
      7. Sorting
      8. Tying
      9. Bundling
      10. Loading
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
    1. Occupations of operating power-driven woodworking machines including chain saws and including supervising, controlling, feeding material into, helping operator to feed material into such machines.
    2. Occupations of setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning. NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable arts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
    3. Occupations of off-bearing from circular saws and from guillotine-action veneer clippers.
    4. Power-driven woodworking machines fixed or portable or tools driven by power used or designed for:
      1. Cutting
      2. Shaping
      3. Forming
      4. Surfacing
      5. Nailing
      6. Stapling-Staple Guns
      7. Wire stitching
      8. Fastening
      9. Or otherwise assembling, pressing or printing wood or veneer
      10. Removal of material or refuse directly from saw table or point of operation
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

Wreaths - Wreath Making

  1. SEE Tree Trimming

Wrecking, Demolition and Ship-Breaking

  1. OK for 16 and over IF -
    1. NOT at the site of total, or partial, razing, demolishing or dismantling:
      1. work in salvage material yard
      2. work in scrap metal yard
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. All occupations including cleanup and salvage work performed at the site of total or partial razing, demolishing or dismantling of a:
      1. Building
      2. Bridge
      3. Steeple
      4. Tower
      5. Chimney
      6. Other structure
      7. Ship or vessel
      8. Motor vehicle
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).

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X-Rays

  1. SEE Radioactive Substances and Ionizing Radiations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).

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CFR § 570.71 - Occupations involved in Agriculture

  1. Findings and declarations of fact as to specific occupations. The following occupations in agriculture are particularly hazardous for the employment of children below the age of 16:
    1. Operating a tractor of over 20 PTO horsepower, or connecting or disconnecting an implement or any of its parts to or from such a tractor.
    2. Operating or assisting to operate (including starting, stopping, adjusting, feeding, or any other activity involving physical contact associated with the operation) any of the following machines:
      1. Corn picker, cotton picker, grain combine, hay mower, forage harvester, hay baler, potato digger, or mobile pea viner;
      2. Feed grinder, crop dryer, forage blower, auger conveyor, or the unloading mechanism of a nongravity-type self-unloading wagon or trailer; or
      3. Power post-hole digger, power post driver, or nonwalking type rotary tiller.
    3. Operating or assisting to operate (including starting, stopping, adjusting, feeding, or any other activity involving physical contact associated with the operation) any of the following machines:
      1. Trencher or earthmoving equipment;
      2. Fork lift;
      3. Potato combine; or
      4. Power-driven circular, band, or chain saw.
      1. Bull, boar, or stud horse maintained for breeding purposes; or
      2. Sow with suckling pigs, or cow with newborn calf (with umbilical cord present)
    4. Felling, bucking, skidding, loading, or unloading timber with butt diameter of more than 6 inches.
    5. Working from a ladder or scaffold (painting, repairing, or building structures, pruning trees, picking fruit, etc.) at a height of over 20 feet.

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