Search &/or Print the WIOA Policy Manual
Table of Contents
Chapter 1) Administration and Governance
Chapter 2) The One-Stop (Job Center) Delivery System
Chapter 3) Program Funding and Grants Management
Chapter 4) Fiscal Management
- 4.1 Access, Retention and Custodial Requirement for Records
- 4.2 Standards for Financial Management System
- 4.3 Reporting Requirements
- 4.4 Cash Management and Invoicing Standards
- 4.5 Cost Categories and Allowable Activities
- 4.6 Program Income
- 4.7 Sub grantee Monitoring
- 4.8 Procurement Standards
- 4.9 Property Management Standards
- 4.10 Audit and Audit Resolutions
- 4.11 Debt and Debt Collection
- 4.12 General Principles Affecting Allow ability of Costs
- 4.13 Allocation of Joint Costs
- 4.14 Cost Allocation or Indirect Cost Rates
- 4.15 Leverage Funds
- 4.16 35% Training Expenditure Goal For Program Year Formula Allocations
- 4.17 Expenditure Requirements for the Youth Program
Chapter 5) Non-Discrimination/Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action
Chapter 6) Complaints, Grievances, and Appeals
Chapter 7) Individual Training Accounts and Eligible Training Programs
Chapter 8) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs
- 8.1 Introduction and Overview
- 8.2 Eligibility
- 8.3 Program Design
- 8.4 Career Services
- 8.5 Training Services
- 8.5.1 Eligibility
- 8.5.2 Credentials
- 8.5.3 Informed Choice
- 8.5.4 Coordination of Funds
- 8.5.5 Recovery of Costs
- 8.5.6 Expenditure Requirement
- 8.5.7 Career Pathways
- 8.5.8 Accelerated Licensure for Vets
- 8.5.9 Training vs. Individualized Career Service
- 8.5.10 Methods of Funding Training
- 8.5.11 Types of Training
- 8.6 Supportive Services
- 8.7 Program Exit
- 8.8 Follow-up Services
- 8.9 National Dislocated Worker Grants
Chapter 9) Rapid Response
Chapter 10) Youth Program
Chapter 11) Performance Accountability and Reporting
Chapter 12) File Documentation
Effective date: June 28, 2018
WIOA Title I-B uses income in a number of ways. Low-income status is one of the barriers to employment1 and is used in determining priority of service for the Adult Program2 and Youth Program eligibility.3 Income is also used to calculate economic self-sufficiency and is part of the definition of displaced homemaker.4
This guidance covers the types of income to count when calculating income for any of these purposes. It is based on the limited WIOA guidance on this topic, the types of income used in calculating the federal poverty level,5 and income as defined by the Wisconsin Department of Revenue.6
Included as Income
For purposes of the WIOA Title I-B programs, DWD-DET counts the following as income:
- Gross earnings from salaries, wages, tips, fees, commissions, cash bonuses and similar types of compensation for services
- Note: Always count the participant's gross earnings, regardless of age. For family and household income, do not count the earnings of members who are under the age of 18, or who are between the ages of 18 and 26 and in school.
- Note: Do not count any military or veteran's pay, allowances, or benefits (but do count military retirement pay, see #8).7
- Net revenue derived from ownership or part ownership of a business or farm
- Unemployment compensation
- Worker's compensation
- Alimony or separate maintenance payments
- Child support
- Social Security (Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance)
- Note: Do not count Supplemental Security Income (SSI) payments.
- Retirement income (includes income from defined benefit and defined contribution plans and military retirement pay)
- Interest and dividends
- Net rental income
- Income from estates, trusts, and life insurance policies
Note: When calculating income, do not include public assistance, any allowance, earnings, or payments stemming from participation in WIOA Title I-B programs,8 loans, grants, or scholarships.
Note: To be considered members of a family for the purposes of the income calculation under WIOA, all the individuals included must share a single residence.
For the purposes of WIOA Title I-B programs, income is to be calculated for the six-month period prior to the time of the calculation. Since income from farms and businesses may fluctuate, career planners may use income from the 12-month period prior to the time of the calculation, if that better represents the individual's income from these sources.
To compare income for a six-month period to the Federal Poverty Line (FPL) or Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL) tables, which use annual income, there is no need to find the participant's actual income for the past year; just double the income for the past six months. Income for a 12-month period can be compared directly to the FPL or LLSIL.
Family Income and Dependents
See Section 10.3.6.1 for information on calculating family income to help determine Youth Program eligibility.
Documentation requirements for income can be found in the Guide to WIOA Eligibility Determination and Documentation. Career planners may accept self-attestation of income, but only as a last resort when other documentation is not available.
Defined Benefit Plan
Retirement plan that promises a specified monthly benefit at retirement. The plan may state the promised benefit as an exact dollar amount (e.g., $100 per month at retirement) or it may be calculated using a formula that considers factors such as salary and years of service.
Defined Contribution Plan
Retirement plan that does not promise a specific amount of benefits at retirement. In these plans, the employee or employer (or both) contribute to the employee's individual account under the plan. These contributions are usually invested on the employee's behalf and the employee will ultimately receive the balance in their account which is based on contributions plus or minus investment gains or losses (e.g., 401(k) plans, 403(b) plans, employee stock ownership plans and profit sharing plans)
The total amount of income before any tax deductions or pre-tax contributions or withholdings.
The amount of money a company receives for selling goods or services after all costs have been paid. Do not deduct amounts paid for taxes.
Social Security Insurance (Old-Age, Survivors and Disability Insurance)
Monthly benefits paid through the Social Security Administration to qualified retired and disabled workers and their dependents or to survivors of insured workers. These benefits are available to people who have contributed to the system through withholding from their paychecks. This does not include Supplemental Security Income (SSI), which is also run through the Social Security Administration but is funded through general tax revenue and based on financial need.
https://www.ssa.gov/policy/docs/progdesc/sspus/ oasdi.pdf, https://www.ssa.gov/disability/, https://www.ssa.gov/ssi/
Net Rental Income
Total rental income received for the use or occupation of property minus the expenses of renting the property (such as maintenance and repairs, mortgage and dwelling insurance, property taxes, advertising, management fees, utility bills, etc.). Do not deduct taxes paid on rental income.
Rental Income and Expenses Tax Tips, IRS publication 527
A payment made for the right to use or exploit a valuable right. Examples of valuable rights include patents, copyrighted works, trademarks or trade names, good will, or interest in natural resources.
Supplemental Security Income
"Supplemental Security Income" (SSI) is a federal income supplement program funded by general tax revenues (not Social Security taxes). It provides cash assistance to aged, blind, and disabled people who have little or no income so they can meet their basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter. https://www.ssa.gov/ssi/
Family (20 CFR §675.300)
"Family" means two or more persons related by blood, marriage, or decree of court, who are living in a single residence,
and are included in one or more of the following categories:
- a married couple and dependent children;
- a parent or guardian and dependent children; or
- a married couple.
"Public Assistance" means federal, state, or local government cash payments where eligibility is determined by a needs or income test.
WIOA Sec. 3(50)