WIOA Title I-A & I-B Policy & Procedure Manual
Ch. 8) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs

8.5 Training Services



8.5.2 Purpose and Types of Training Services

Effective date: December 13, 2020

The purpose of WIOA training services is to equip individuals to enter the workforce and retain employment.1 To that end, local WDBs and their service providers must:

  • provide training services in a manner that maximizes informed customer choice;2
  • allow participants to enter a training program that best meets their needs;3
    and
  • give priority consideration to training services that lead to recognized postsecondary credentials.4 (Note: WIOA does not mandate that participants enroll in training programs that lead to a recognized postsecondary credential;5 therefore, DWD-DET prohibits local WDBs from requiring participants to select training programs that lead to a recognized postsecondary credential.)

The Adult Program and Dislocated Worker Program can provide the following types of training services:6

  1. Occupational classroom training;7
  2. On-the-job training;
  3. Incumbent worker training;
  4. Programs that combine workplace training with related instruction, which may include cooperative education programs;
  5. Entrepreneurial training;
  6. Job readiness training provided in combination with the training services described in any of (a) through (e) or transitional jobs;
  7. Adult education and literacy activities, provided concurrently or in combination with services provided in any of (a) through (e);8
  8. Customized training;
    AND
  9. Registered apprenticeship training.9

Note: This list is not all-inclusive and additional training services may be provided.10 If a local WDB would like to provide a training service beyond those on this list, DWD-DET requires the local WDB to contact its assigned Local Program Liaison to ensure that the service is allowable and to determine how to record the service in the ASSET case management system.


  • 1 81 FR 56118
  • 2 20 CFR 680.340(a). In order to meet this requirement, DWD-DET requires career planners to share the location of the ETPL website with all participants interested in training. See section 7.1.2.
  • 3 20 CFR § 680.420 specifically allows training that leads to a recognized postsecondary credential, secondary school diploma, employment, or measurable skill gains.
  • 4 20 CFR 680.340(f)
  • 5 20 CFR § 680.420 specifically allows training that leads to a secondary school diploma, employment, or measurable skill gains in addition to a recognized postsecondary credential.
  • 6 20 CFR § 680.200
  • 7 WIOA Sec. 134(c)(3)(D) and 20 CFR § 680.200 refer to this service as "occupational skills training," but DWD-DET uses the term "Occupational Classroom Training" for clarification that this is a classroom-based training service.
  • 8 WIOA Sec. 134(c)(3)(D)(x); 20 CFR § 680.350
  • 9 While Registered Apprenticeship is not listed as a training service type in the WIOA legislation or final regulations, the WIOA Participant Individual Record Layout (PIRL) does identify it as a training service type on Data Element 1303. For that reason, DWD-DET included Apprenticeship Training as a training service in ASSET.
  • 10 20 CFR § 680.200. This provision also includes "training provided by the private sector" and "skills upgrading and training" as types of training services. Since DWD-DET considers these two types of training services to be covered under other listed types, it chose not to list them as separate training services in ASSET. Additionally, WIOA Sec. 134(c)(3)(D) and 20 CFR § 680.200 include transitional jobs in the list of training service types; however, TEGL 19-16, p. 4 clarifies that transitional jobs are an individualized career service.