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Table of Contents
Chapter 1) Administration and Governance
- 1.1 Governor's Council on Workforce Investment (CWI)
- 1.2 WIOA State Plan
- 1.3 Workforce Development Area (WDA) Designations and Agreements
- 1.4 Local Workforce Development Boards (Local WDBs)
- 1.5 WIOA Local Plans
- 1.6 Oversight and Monitoring
Chapter 2) The One-Stop (Job Center) Delivery System
- 2.1 Comprehensive Job Center Requirements and Standards of Service
- 2.2 One-Stop Delivery System
- 2.3 Structure of the One-Stop Delivery System
- 2.4 Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for the One-Stop Delivery System
- 2.5 One-Stop Operators (OSO)
- 2.6 Job Center Branding
Chapter 3) Program Funding and Grants Management
- 3.1 WIOA Allocation Process
- 3.2 Modification of Grants
- 3.3 Transfer of Funds
- 3.4 Termination of Grants
- 3.5 Grant Closeout
Chapter 4) Fiscal Management
- 4.1 Access, Retention and Custodial Requirement for Records
- 4.2 Standards for Financial Management System
- 4.3 Reporting Requirements
- 4.4 Cash Management and Invoicing Standards
- 4.5 Cost Categories and Allowable Activities
- 4.6 Program Income
- 4.7 Sub grantee Monitoring
- 4.8 Procurement Standards
- 4.9 Property Management Standards
- 4.10 Audit and Audit Resolutions
- 4.11 Debt and Debt Collection
- 4.12 General Principles Affecting Allow ability of Costs
- 4.13 Allocation of Joint Costs
- 4.14 Cost Allocation or Indirect Cost Rates
- 4.15 Leverage Funds
Chapter 5) Non-Discrimination/Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action
Chapter 6) Complaints, Grievances, and Appeals
Chapter 7) Individual Training Accounts and Eligible Training Programs
Chapter 8) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs
- 8.1 Introduction and Overview
- 8.2 Eligibility
- 8.3 Program Design
- 8.4 Career Services
- 8.5 Training Services
- 8.5.1 Eligibility
- 8.5.2 Credentials
- 8.5.3 Informed Choice
- 8.5.4 Coordination of Funds
- 8.5.5 Recovery of Costs
- 8.5.6 Expenditure Requirement
- 8.5.7 Career Pathways
- 8.5.8 Accelerated Licensure for Vets
- 8.5.9 Training vs. Individualized Career Service
- 8.5.10 Methods of Funding Training
- 8.5.11 Types of Training
- 8.6 Supportive Services
- 8.7 Program Exit
- 8.8 Follow-up Services
- 8.9 National Dislocated Worker Grants
Chapter 9) Rapid Response
Chapter 10) Youth and Young Adult Program
Chapter 11) Performance Accountability and Reporting
Chapter 12) File Documentation
- 12.1 Opening and Closing Services
- 12.2 Case Notes
About Wisconsin ESS standards development:
8.3 Program Design
8.3.4 Economic Self-Sufficiency
Last revision: July 1, 2017
One of WIOA's main purposes is to increase economic self-sufficiency (ESS) through workforce development activities.1
The U.S. Department of Labor expects local workforce development areas to follow a process for determining ESS standards for Adult and Dislocated Worker Program participants.2 The State has the discretion to develop and adopt a method for calculating ESS standards that addresses the income needs of households based on household size, ages of household members, and geographic location within the state.3 The DWD-DET, in turn, adopted a uniform approach for defining and determining ESS that is to be used statewide for Adult and Dislocated Worker Program participants.
Definition of Economic Self-Sufficiency
For purposes of the Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs, the DWD-DET defines "economic self-sufficiency" as the
minimum amount of income required for a household 4 to meet its most basic expenses, without public or private assistance.
Under WIOA, this amount must always be equal to or greater than 100 percent of the
Lower Living Standard Income Level (LLSIL),
by family size.5
In this definition, "income" means income earned from employment and includes:6
- Wages, salaries, tips, commissions and other taxable employee pay
- Net earnings from self-employment
Note: For multi-member households, income earned by members below the age of 18 should not to be included.
Earned income is NOT:
- Interest or dividends
- Retirement income
- Social Security
- Unemployment benefits
- Alimony / spousal maintenance
- Child support
Wisconsin's WIOA Title I ESS Standard
State Policy Criteria
To be considered economically self-sufficient, an Adult or Dislocated Worker Program participant must:
- have individual income that meets or exceeds the ESS level for a single adult household
- if part of a multi-member household, have household income that meets or exceeds the ESS level based on the household composition.
A Dislocated Worker Program participant must meet the above criteria and one of the following:
- have individual income that meets or exceeds 80 percent of the dislocation wage
- have individual income that meets or exceeds the 75th percentile of wages for all occupations in the county of residence.7
The DWD-DET adopted a method for calculating
economic self-sufficiency levels that uses credible federal and state datasets addressing typical costs for housing, transportation, food,
health care, childcare, taxes, and other miscellaneous costs.8 This method
produces the "ESS Standard," which is statewide dataset that accounts for household composition (i.e. the number and ages of
people in a household) and county of residence when determining the income needed to meet basic household costs. The DWD-DET will ensure
the ESS Standard is refreshed every three years to represent changes in costs of basic needs.
The ESS Calculator
The ESS Calculator is accessible in ASSET through the "Manage Planning Tools" menu item. To create a new ESS calculation click "Add Self-sufficiency" and complete the required fields. Career planners have twenty-four hours to make changes before the calculations are no longer editable.
A training video is available for the
Career planners must use the DWD-DET's ESS Calculator to establish a program participant's ESS level. The career planner will enter the participant's information into the calculator based on the field prompts. From there, the
ESS Calculator provides the following output:
- A matrix identifying:
- the target ESS level for each of the DWD-DET's policy criteria,
- the amount entered into the ESS Calculator for each of the DWD-DET's policy criteria, and
- whether the target ESS level for each of the DWD-DET policy criteria were met.
- A determination of whether the participant is considered economically self-sufficient based on DWD-DET's policy criteria.
The participant is not required to provide documentation of household income used for the calculation.
Self-reporting by the participant is an acceptable source of the information. Since the information provided may be used as a
basis to approve or deny training services, the Career Planner must ensure that the self-reported information is documented in
writing with a signed attestation by the participant that the information is true and correct. This may be accomplished by
including the income and houshold composition information in the local workforce area's intake form or having the participant
sign a printout of the ESS Calculator's results.
Requirements for Applying the ESS Standard
There are two times when career planners are required to use the ESS Calculator — when enrolling a new participant and to
justify placing a participant into training.
- Career planners must perform an ESS calculation for all Adult and Dislocated Worker Program participants as part of program registration and enrollment.
When creating a new ESS calculation in ASSET, select the checkbox "Status at Enrollment."
Note: Self-sufficiency is not part of the program eligibility criteria. Program enrollment cannot
be denied to individuals who are considered economically self-sufficient, if they meet the program eligibility criteria.
- A participant can only receive WIOA Title I funded training if s/he meets all requirements of Section 680.210 of the DOL WIOA
Final Rule, which includes:
- the individual is not considered economically self-sufficient and needs training to obtain
- the individual is considered economically self-sufficient but is unlikely to remain so without training. 9
Note: There are a number of situations in which training services may be appropriate for participants who are
self-sufficient at the time training services are provided. Examples include participants who:
- will soon be laid off from employment;
- are expecting a child;
- have a spouse who will need to stop working (e.g., because of a serious illness or the need to care for an aging
parent or a child with an illness/disability).
The career planner must document in an ASSET case note the upcoming circumstances that justify the need for training.
Self-reporting by the participant is an acceptable source of the information.
When creating the new ESS calculation in ASSET, select the checkbox "Training."
Other Ways to Use the ESS Standard
Career planners are not required to calculate and use ESS except upon enrollment of a participant or to justify training.
However, they may wish to use it in a variety of ways to increase the quality of services provided to program participants.
- identifying occupations that would likely result in economic self-sufficiency using county-level occupational wage data;
- measuring progress for participants embarking on a career pathway; and
- determining whether a participant has met the program goal of securing employment resulting in economic self-sufficiency.
WIOA Sec. 2(6)
TEGL 03-15, p. 6
WIOA Section 134 (a)(3)(A)(xii);
20 CFR § 682.210(p)
- 4 The DWD-DET does not define "household" for purposes of assessing economic self-sufficiency. Career planners are to determine what constitutes a household on a case by case basis, to best address financial responsibilities the participant may have for others (e.g., children and other family members who may not live with the participant full time).
82 FR 23595
- 6 DWD-DET is adopting the "earned income"
definition used by the IRS: https://www.irs.gov/credits-deductions/individuals/earned-income-tax-credit/earned-income
- 7 The 75th percentile is calculated as part of the DWD-DET's Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates.
- 8 DWD-DET contracted with the University of Washington to develop an ESS standard for Wisconsin. More information about the University of Washington's work on this topic can be accessed at http://www.selfsufficiencystandard.org/node/3
- 9 20 CFR 680.210