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Table of Contents

Chapter 2) The One-Stop (Job Center) Delivery System

Chapter 3) Program Funding and Grants Management

Chapter 4) Fiscal Management

Chapter 5) Non-Discrimination/Equal Opportunity and Affirmative Action

Chapter 6) Complaints, Grievances, and Appeals

Chapter 8) Adult and Dislocated Worker Programs

Chapter 9) Rapid Response

Chapter 12) File Documentation

WIOA Title I-A & I-B Policy & Procedure Manual

Low-Income Guidance

Effective date: August 20, 2018

A person is considered "low-income" if any of the following apply:

1) The person is receiving or has received assistance in the last 6 months from:

Note: The person meets this criterion if his/her family is receiving or has received any of the above assistance within the last 6 months.2

2) The person's total family income does not exceed the higher of the federal poverty line (FPL) or 70% of the lower living standard income level (LLSIL).3

3) The person has a disability and his/her own income does not exceed the higher of the federal poverty line (FPL) or 70% of the lower living standard income level (LLSIL).4

4) The person is homeless.5

5) The person receives or is eligible to receive a free or reduced price lunch under the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act.6

NOTE: This can apply to an OSY participant who is a parent living in the same household as his/her child if the child receives or is eligible to receive free or reduced price lunch.7

NOTE: In districts where a whole school automatically receives free or reduced price lunch, WIOA programs must base low-income status on the individual student's eligibility or use one of the other low-income categories.8 The local program should check with the school district to determine if the individual student is eligible for free or reduced price lunch.9

6) The person is a foster child.10

7) The person is a WIOA Youth Program participant who lives in a high poverty area.11

NOTE: TEGL 21-16, Attachment 2, provides guidance for determining whether a geographic location is a high poverty area.

FoodShare Wisconsin

"FoodShare Wisconsin" helps people with limited money buy food they need for good health. FoodShare recipients are people of all ages who work but have low incomes, are living on small or fixed incomes, or have no incomes because they have lost their job, are retired, or are disabled and not able to work.

Wisconsin Works

"Wisconsin Works" (W-2) is a limited-time program that provides temporary cash assistance and case management services to low-income parents and pregnant women who engage in work activities.

Supplemental Security Income

"Supplemental Security Income" (SSI) is a federal income supplement program funded by general tax revenues (not Social Security taxes). It provides cash assistance to aged, blind, and disabled people who have little or no income so they can meet their basic needs for food, clothing, and shelter.

Public Assistance

"Public Assistance" means federal, state, or local government cash payments where eligibility is determined by a needs or income test.

WIOA Sec. 3(50)

Family (20 CFR § 675.300)

"Family" means two or more persons related by blood, marriage, or decree of court, who are living in a single residence, and are included in one or more of the following categories:

A "married couple" can either be a man and a woman or same-sex individuals. United States v. Windsor, 133 S.Ct.2675 (2013); 81 FR 56088

Disability (WIOA Sec. 3(25))

"Disability" means:

  • a physical or mental impairment that substantially limits one or more major life activities such as caring for oneself, performing manual tasks, seeing, hearing, eating, sleeping, walking, standing, lifting, bending, speaking, breathing, learning, reading, concentrating, thinking, communicating, working, and the operation of major bodily functions
  • a record of such impairment


  • is regarded as having such impairment (which means the individual can establish that s/he has been the subject of a discriminatory action under the American with Disabilities Act because of an actual or perceived impairment whether or not the impairment actually limits a major life activity).

WIOA Sec. 3(25); 42 U.S.C. 12102 (1)-(3)


"Homeless" means a person who lacks a fixed, regular, and adequate nighttime residence. This covers the following situations: (1) sharing the housing of other persons due to loss of housing, economic hardship, or similar; (2) living in a motel, hotel, trailer park or campground due to the lack of alternative adequate living accommodations; (3) living in an emergency or transitional shelter; (4) abandoned in a hospital; (5) awaiting foster care placement; (6) using a public or private place for nighttime residence that is not designed for or typically used by human beings for regular sleeping accommodations; (7) a child who has moved in the last 36 months either as a migratory agricultural worker or fisher or with a parent or spouse who is a migratory worker or fisher.

42 U.S.C. 14043e—2(6) ; 42 U.S.C. 11434a(2)

Foster Child

"Foster Child" means a child who is placed for care and maintenance in a licensed foster home by:

  • the Wisconsin Department of Children and Families
  • a county agency
  • a private child placement agency
  • a court (through court order)
  • voluntary placement agreement
  • voluntary transition-to-independent-living agreement

Ch. DCF 56.03(13)

High Poverty Area

"High poverty area" means that one of the following has a poverty rate of at least 25 percent based on the American Community Survey 5-Year Data:

  • a county;
  • a Census tract;
  • a set of contiguous Census tracts;
  • an American Indian Reservation;
  • Oklahoma Tribal Statistical Area;
  • Alaska Native Village Statistical Area;
  • Alaska Native Regional Corporation Area;
  • Native Hawaiian Homeland Area; and
  • Other tribal land as defined by USDOL in guidance.

20 CFR § 681.260

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