Occupational Titles Beginning with Letter G

General Laborer

CODE: 301


Performs a wide variety of both unskilled and semi-skilled tasks but does not regularly and routinely assist a worker in any other classification by using the tools normally associated with that worker's classification. Work performed is normally manual in nature , such as digging, loading, unloading, lifting, carrying, lugging, tending, stockpiling, sweeping and cleaning but does frequently involve the use of equipment powered by air, gas or electricity.


Breaks old pavement, loosens or digs hard earth, trims bottom and sides of trenches, breaks large rocks, chips concrete or earthen backfill using tools driven by compressed air, gas or electric power. Cleans and pours heated asphalt into concrete joints. Distributes bituminous material evenly over surface of pavement by raking and brushing material to correct thickness. Mixes and delivers mortar by bucket, hod, wheelbarrow or buggy for use by bricklayer or plasterer. Unloads and distributes material, fixtures, furnishings and appliances from point of delivery on-site to stockpiles and from stockpiles to approximate point of installation. Operates chain saw to clear or grub areas of timber, brush, etc. Operates equipment to burn holes, etc. through concrete. Prepares concrete surfaces which are not to be finished by patching holes and broken corners and removes high spots and defective concrete. Installs expansion joints on all deck overlay work. Operates power driven, hand guided, water cooled saws used to cut through concrete slabs. Operates cutting torch for demolition work on steel structures. Fits together and aligns forms used to hold concrete in place on highways, streets, curbs, gutters and sidewalks. Keeps stakes and stringline set in place out in front of equipment to ensure accuracy of cut. Sets stakes to ensure depth of trench. Erects, planks and dismantles scaffolding.

Dries concrete, mortar and plaster when done by salamander method. Cleans and clears all debris. Mucks mesh when used to reinforce concrete, strips forms, other than those which are to be re-used in their original form, including all flat arch work. Cleans, oils and carries forms to the next point of erection. Snaps wall ties and removes tie rods. Sets rip-rap or other material for retaining walls. Installs paving brick for roadway or walkway when no mortar is used. Wraps, coats and distributes sewer, water and gas pipe. Shores ditches, trenches and manholes using wooden or corrugated metal sheet piling or other shoring material when used to retain soil or underground utilities. Removes shoring. Lays brick or block on concrete slab at bottom of trench up to grade level to provide a means of permanent access to sewer and water pipe. The laying of such brick or block is not normally set to a plumb line and no effort is made to keep mortar off the face of the brick or block and joints are not pointed. Applies or coats mortar to interior and exterior surfaces of manholes.

Assembles large diameter metal culverts by bolting together semi-circular pieces to form a complete circle and bolts each section of circle to similar sections which are placed adjacently until desired length is reached. Lays tile, concrete, cast iron, plastic or corrugated metal pipe used to transport water, sewage, etc. by receiving pipe lowered from the top of a trench and inserting spigot end of pipe into bell end of last laid pipe and adjusts pipe to proper line and grade and seals joints with cement or other sealing material. Cleans, screens and feeds sand into hopper or pot of sandblasting machine. Breaks or demolishes hard material, buildings or structures by blasting. Cleans and dresses slopes, cuts and embankments while suspended by ropes or cables. Lowers hose-like flexible shaft or vibrator into newly poured concrete in order to compact same.

Constructs shafts and tunnels whether in free air or under compressed air. Drills, blasts, mucks and moves material from shafts and tunnels. Installs timbering, lagging, bracing, propping or shoring material in shafts and tunnels. Assembles multi-plate, liner plate, rings, mesh, mats or concrete forms in shafts and tunnels, including the setting of rods. Pours, pumpcretes or gunnites concrete into shaft or tunnel. Operates hydraulic jacking shields. Operates rock and concrete drills. Removes hazardous material other than asbestos. Lays fiber optic cable. Distributes, places and sets railroad ties and track including the setting of tie plates and tie bolting, gauging, leveling and spiking of rails. Performs ground clean-up for roof removal work. Performs roof removal when a building or structure is being demolished. Installs geomembranes and geotextile liners. May install process piping provided it does not handle potable water or require air pressure to function properly. May remove floor tile and mastic containing asbestos if removal methodology is allowed by OSHA or EPA.


CODE: 113


Installs glass in windows, skylights, store fronts, and display cases, or on surfaces such as building fronts, interior walls, ceilings and tabletops.


Marks outline or pattern on glass and cuts glass using glass cutter. Breaks off excess glass by hand or with notched tool. Fastens glass panes into wood sash with glazier's points. Spreads and smoothes putty around edge of panes with knife to seal joints. Installs mirrors or structural glass on building fronts, walls, ceilings or tables using mastic, screws or decorative molding. Bolts metal hinges, handles, locks and other hardware to prefabricated glass doors. Sets glass doors into frame and fits hinges. Installs metal window and door frames into which glass panels are to be fitted. Presses plastic adhesive film to glass or sprays glass with tinting solution to prevent light glare. Installs stained glass windows. Assembles and installs metal-framed glass enclosures for showers. Installs, cuts and removes all window glass, plate and all other types of glass including structural glass, mirror glass, tempered and laminated glass, safety or protection glass, all types of insulating glass units, all plastics or other similar materials when used in place of glass when set or glazed with putty, molding rubber, cement, lead and all other types of mastic or materials used in place of same. May assemble and erect greenhouses.

Groundman (line construction)

CODE: 154


Performs ground work on work involving high-voltage transmission and distribution powerlines used to conduct energy between generating stations, substations and consumers whether constructed overhead or underground. Performs ground work on highway and street lighting, traffic signal systems, athletic field lighting systems and airport runway and taxiway lighting systems which involve either high or low voltage.


Works on the ground with the line constructor. Uses jack hammers, air drills, shovels, picks, tamps, trenching equipment and other such tools for compacting dirt or rock on the outside line portion of a project. Assembles, handles and sets traffic signals and light poles. Assembles and installs conduit systems, pull boxes, concrete signals, pole and controller bases. Loads, handles and installs traffic signals and lighting conductors as well as the restoration of the construction site. Pulls non-energized guy wires. Works on highway and street lighting, traffic signal systems, athletic field lighting systems and airport runway and taxiway lighting systems which involve either high or low voltage.

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