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- Millwrights install, maintain, and disassemble industrial machines.
- Manufacturers have a critial need to keep increasingly sophisticated machinery functioning efficiently.
- Assembling or disassembling a machine can take a few days or several weeks.
- Most millwrights complete a registered apprenticeship program that lasts about four years.
- Employment is projected to grow 16 percent by 2024, much faster that the national average for all occupations.
Millwrights perform a number of duties including, but not limited to the following:
- Install or repair machinery and equipment.
- Adjust and align machine parts.
- Replace defective parts.
- Disassemble machinery.
- Move machinery and equipment.
- Millwrights work in many industries, including factories, food-processing sites, and power plants.
- Workers wear personal protective equipment to guard against frequent, loud noises and such as hardhats, safety glasses, and earplugs.
- Most workers are employed full time during regular hours, but nights, weekends, and overtime are common.
Overall, the Millwright apprenticeship includes the following:
- Four years of not less than 8,000 hours
- 7,424 hours of on-the-job learning
- 576 hours of paid related instruction
- Additional hours at the discretion of the employer
The employer must train the apprentice in the following mandatory duties:
- Adhere to safety regulations and employer procedures.
- Maintain and repair machines and equipment.
- Install machines and equipment.
- Operate machines.
- Hydraulics and pneumatics
- Perform predictive and preventive maintenance inspection.
The apprentice must also perform the following:
- Complete the "Transition to Trainer" course in the final year of the apprenticeship
The employer may also train the apprentice in the following optional duties:
- Repair turbines and generators.
- Repair boilers and furnaces.
- Repair and maintain elevators.
- Build machines.
- Operate overhead doors and overhead cranes.
The employer may also require the apprentice to complete the following optional training:
- Basic courses in First Aid and CPR
The apprentice must:
- Apply directly to the participating employer
- Have a high school diploma or equivalent
- Be at least 18 years of age
- Be physically able to perform the work of the trade with reasonable accommodations and without hazard
- Be able to work in the United States
- Meet all other requirements of the employer
The employer must:
- Have been in business for at least one year
- Ensure that the apprentice is trained in the mandatory duties listed above
- Ensure that the apprentice is trained safely at all times
- Employ a full-time journeyworker or other qualified individual to supervise and/or train the apprentice at all times
- Employ one full-time journeyworker per apprentice.
Important skills include, but are not limited to, the following:
- Controlling operations of equipment or systems.
- Critical thinking entails using logic and reasoning to identify and evaluate altnerative solutions or approaches to a problem.
- Quality control analysis includes testing and inspecting machines and products to evaluate quality.
- Repairing machines or systems using the needed tools.
- Troubleshooting is determining the causes of operating errors and the appropriate solution.
- Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2016-17 Edition.
- O*NET Online
- Bureau of Apprenticeship Standards Position Descriptions