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Part 2: Five 'Keeler' Factors - Government Units
Factor One - Integration
Whether the services performed directly relate to the activities conducted by the company retaining those services.
Explanation of Condition One
The services provided to the employing unit by the worker must be substantially different from the employing unit's business. The services provided by the worker to the employing unit are not directly related to, or integrated into, the employing unit's business. The services provided are directly related to, or integrated into, the employing unit's business when the success or continuation of the employing unit depends upon the performance of those services.
For example, where an employing unit that manufactures furniture engages a worker to fabricate upholstery for chairs that the employing unit sells, the worker's services performed to make or assemble the upholstery material for the chairs is directly related or integrated into the employing unit's product.
On the other hand, where a worker is hired to paint the building in which the employing unit's manufacturing business is located, the painting work is not integrated into the business activity of the employing unit.
Case studies relevant to Condition One based upon cases decided by the Labor and Industry Review Commission (LIRC), Wisconsin Circuit Courts and Wisconsin Appellate Courts