State of Wisconsin Work Permit Officer Handbook: Employment of Minors and Street Trades

"School First, Work Second!"

This page was formerly named ERD-10258-P

History | How to Issue a Permit | Street Trades Permit | Age Certificates | Refuse, Recall, Revoke a Permit | Online Payment | Frequently Asked Questions | Guidelines to Employment of Minors Regulations | Index to Prohibited Employment | Occupations involved in Agriculture | Vital Records

Foreword

It is with deep appreciation that we acknowledge the employment of minors permit officer. They are over 2,115 strong, who are representatives of the Department of Workforce Development. There are 711 work permit locations in the state, with roughly 66% (467) situated in schools. The permit officer is easily accessible to all citizens throughout our state. It is because of these public-spirited citizens, who serve with great loyalty to the trust and confidence placed in them by the department that our employment of minors program functions so well.

Other states continue to marvel over our unique system and the extremely fine cooperation between governmental agencies since establishing the permit program in 1917.

Wisconsin employment of minors law has not changed significantly since the last printing of this manual in 2007. Fortunately, our technology has. This online version of the manual is searchable and includes web links, which should make it easier to quickly locate and retrieve information. Work permits are also now issued exclusively online. We also now offer online invoicing and payment. These changes were implemented to make the issuance of permits as simple as possible, and to standardize the procedures used by permit officers throughout the state. This manual will provide instructions on each of these processes.

Every employer must obtain a work permit for each minor they employ before they allow the minor to do any work. No permit is required for agriculture, domestic service outside of school hours, nor for volunteer work for nonprofit organizations where no employer/employee relationship exists. Also, no work permit is required for work performed for court-ordered restitution or court-ordered community service. If a job or placement is not listed or similar to the listed employments, permits can be generally issued to minors 14 to 17 years of age. Employment must comply with all labor standards requirements, including the employment of minors regulations and minimum wage standards.

If, for any reason, a permit officer finds it necessary to stop serving as a permit officer, please inform our Madison office so a replacement can be appointed. We request that this handbook be left with the permit supplies for the new officer.

Please contact the Madison office by telephone with any questions at 608.266.6860.

History

What is the purpose of the employment of minors legislation?

The purpose of the employment of minors legislation is to protect the life, health, safety, and welfare of minors. The goal of modern employment of minors administration is to combine prevention with regulation, rather than to award damages or penalties after injury or violation. Even so, damages and penalties remain necessary tools in effective administration. In protecting the welfare of minors, we aid in their development, which in turn supports society as a whole. Through the regulation of employment of minors, with emphasis on preventive rather than punitive action, we go far in meeting this goal.

What is the basic purpose of a permit system?

Authorities agree that effective employment of minors enforcement requires a good permit system. Permits were first used in Wisconsin only to assist economically-disadvantaged families when children needed to contribute to family income. They permitted children to work when they were younger than the law otherwise allowed.

The first effective permit legislation was passed in 1903, when documentary proof of age was required. Factory inspectors could require such proof for any child whose employment they might question.

In 1917 the permit-granting authority was centralized in the Industrial Commission. This facilitated the establishment of more uniform standards in the granting of permits, and made permit records more accurate. The Commission was given the power to appoint and remove permit officers. Many officers are school officials, but municipal and court officials are also included. As of April 2014, there are 2,115 permit officers assisting the department in the issuance of permits.

The permit system protects both minors and employers in Wisconsin. Children are protected from working in occupations for which they are too young or physically unfit; employers are protected against unwitting violation of the law, as the permit establishes legal proof of age.

It is fortunate that the administration of the employment of minors law is charged to a single administrative department, whose interpretations of the law have uniform, statewide effect. Centralized administration of these laws is important to both employers and minors.

How is the permit like a legal contract?

The permit guards against poor working conditions and employment practices; this protects competent standards.

It ensures minors due process of the law. It prevents exploitation of children, and ensures that the employment is legal.

A definite agreement between the minor and employer is established. The advantage to the employer is that legal employment is ensured, and the employer has clear direction regarding the hours a minor may work, limitations in the types of work that can be performed, and the other responsibilities he/she assumes when hiring a minor.

Employers and parents are both responsible for ensuring that minors under 18 years of age are employed in conformity with the law. Penalties may be imposed for each violation, ranging from $25.00 to $1,000.00 per day for the employer, and from $10.00 to $250.00 for each day for the parent. The department may enforce the specified penalties through civil action in a court of competent jurisdiction, or it may pursue criminal penalties.

The permit helps to ensure the health, safety, and welfare of the minor. The permit makes the minor aware of citizenship and responsibility to the employer. It also informs the employer about its responsibility to the employee.

What is the role of volunteer permit officers?

When appointing permit officers to assist in the issuance of permits throughout the State, the Department of Workforce Development is not limited to any particular class of persons. In practice, the department has always tried to secure people already connected in some capacity with public service.

It is to the great credit of these public-spirited citizens - mostly dedicated by vocation - that many of them have served from five to fifteen years with great loyalty and fidelity to the trust and confidence placed in them by the department. Permit officers are members of the department's organization, and as such, the department gives them every possible assistance in their duties.

Their only monetary compensation for this work is a portion of the permit fee (of the $10.00 collected for each permit, they retain $2.50). The fee system was inaugurated in 1943. It should be noted that, in most cases, the officer turns the fee over to its employer, especially when the officer is an employee of a school system or some other governmental unit.

In conjunction with this volunteer system, our labor standards investigators act as liaison officers or consultants. Sometimes this entails visits to the permit offices to train officers or audit the office's records. Permit fees are forwarded to our Madison office on a monthly basis. This helps to ensure that statewide administration of the employment of minors and street trades laws are reasonably uniform in scope, within the constraints of our relatively limited budget.

Why is legal age important?

The age of a child bears on what type of work he or she may lawfully perform. Experience has shown that it is not safe to employ minors based upon their own representations of their age, or even upon the representations of their parents.

Most agree with the proposition that this system is somewhat of a burden on employers, but worldwide experience has shown that this burden is necessary to ensure child safety. Interestingly, nearly all states have similar permit requirements.

How is the employment of minors program complemented by the Workers' Compensation Act?

Double Compensation

When a minor is injured and primary workers' compensation is due, and the minor is employed in a legal employment without a permit, the employer must match the primary compensation, and pay a penalty in this amount to the Workers' Compensation Division. This is called double compensation.

Treble Compensation

Where primary workers' compensation is due, and the minor is employed in a prohibited occupation, the employer may be required to double the primary compensation, and pay this amount to the Workers' Compensation Division. This is referred to as treble compensation.

Primary compensation is normally paid by the insurance company but the extra compensation cannot be insured against, and is required to be paid directly to the Worker's Compensation Division.

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How to Issue an Employment of Minors Permit

  1. Become an authorized work permit officer. New permit officers need to sign up online to gain access to the system. This is a two-step process. If the person only completes the first step, they will not get into the system. To request access the person needs to:
    • Open the Online Applications and Electronic Forms page to request a DWD login id.
    • When completed with that go to "Work Permit Officer Application Form" and login with the ID that was just created to request access to the Work Permit application. When you complete this, we get an e-mail asking us to Grant or Deny access. Once we grant access, you should be able to sign in and issue work permits immediately.
  2. Once you have access to the Work Permit program you can issue permits.
  3. Obtain and personally inspect evidence of minor's age which consists of one of the following:
    • Wisconsin driver's license or Wisconsin State ID
    • Birth certificate - issued by a registrar of vital statistics or other officer charged with the duty of recording births or a certified record of the birth from the hospital in which the birth occurred.
    • Baptismal certificate - including the minor's name, date of birth, date and place of baptism, name of church, and the signature of the officiating or issuing clergy.
    • Other evidence - If the above evidence is cannot be obtained, any of the following may be used:
      • Government records - showing the age of the minor, including a passport or a certificate of arrival in the United States issued by United Stated immigration officers.
      • Life insurance policy - that is at least one year old and is supported by the age indicated in a school record.
      • School records - preferably from the first school attended, with a parent's, guardian's, or custodian's statement of age, and physician's statement of physical age.
      • Evidence of identity if name changed (if applicable) - a marriage license or other certificate or legal document shall be required in addition to the evidence of age if the minor's current name is different from the name on the evidence of age.
    • Do Not Accept: Draft cards, library cards, out-of-state driver's licenses, or school photo IDs.
  4. Obtain and personally inspect the minor's social security card or proof that the minor has voluntarily opted out of the social security system. You can also accept a letter from the Social Security Administration stating that a replacement card has been ordered and is on its way. You may accept other documentation with the social security number on it, if no card is available. Verify that the minor has applied for a replacement. Call our office if you have questions about this requirement.
  5. Obtain a letter from the employer written on its regular letterhead or other business paper stating the intention of the employer to employ the minor; describing the job duties, hours of work, and the time of day the minor will be working; and signed by the employer or someone duly authorized by the employer.
  6. Obtain a letter from the minor's parent, guardian or court-ordered foster parent consenting to the employment or a countersignature of the parent, guardian, or foster parent on the employer's letter.
  7. Collect payment of the $10 permit fee. Payment of the fee is the responsibility of the employer. If the minor advances the fee, the employer shall reimburse the minor no later than the first paycheck.
  8. Correctly enter the minor's date of birth, address, social security number, employer information, minor's school information, type of work, and all other required information into the online work permit system. Print permit and have minor confirm all information is correct.
  9. Print and sign permit. Remember that both you and the minor must sign the permit; it is not valid unless it is signed by both of you.
  10. Make 4 copies of signed permit. Provide minor with 2 copies of the permit (one for the minor, one for the employer). Send one copy to the minor's school, and retain one copy at your work permit office.
  11. Keep a file of permits issued. Attach written parental consent and employer's letter to your copy of the permit. We suggest that such files, including age certificates, be retained until the minor reaches 21 years of age. If you file your permits by the minor's date of birth and then by the minor's last name, at the end of each year, you will only have to destroy the oldest file with dates of birth over 21.
    • NOTE: Files should NOT include copies of the minor's social security card or other government documents which would put the minor at risk of identity theft or fraud. Rest assured that the work permits themselves print only the last 4 digits of the social security number.
  12. Submit payment to the Department. The department fixes a fee of $10.00 for the issuing of each employment of minors permit or certificate of age and authorizes the retention of $2.50 of the fee by the permit office as compensation for services. The permit office shall forward $7.50 of the fee to the department at the end of each month to cover the cost of administration, materials and supervision.

    Please consider making your monthly payment of work permit fees to the department using the department's e-payment system. Using this system you can submit a payment from your bank account to the department without incurring the usual costs involved in writing checks. Once you enter this website there are instructions to guide first time users.
  13. Refer all problems or questions on interpretation to the Labor Standards Bureau at (608) 266-6861.

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How (and When) to Issue a Street Trades Permit

"Street trade" means "the selling, offering for sale, soliciting for, collecting for, displaying or distributing any articles, goods, merchandise, commercial service, posters, circular, newspapers or magazines, or the blacking of boots, on any street or other public place or from house to house."

To issue a street permit, the permit officer follows the exact same process for issuing a work permit (see How to Issue an Employment of Minors Permit). You'll simply select "Issue Street Trade Permit" from the online work permit system. Additionally you'll need to provide the minor with an ID card (LS-24, see below) that the minor must carry on his/her person when engaged in street trades.

LS-24: Sample of Street Trades Permit

These cards can be requested from our Department. To request, please email us.

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How (and When) to Issue an Age Certificate

To limit liability, occasionally employers wish to have conclusive evidence of an adult's age before employing him or her. Age certificates provide that proof. They are not work permits but are conclusive evidence of the age of any adult in any proceeding under any of the labor laws and Worker's Compensation Act of Wisconsin as to any act or thing occurring subsequent to the date of issuance.

Age certificates are for persons between the ages of 16 and 21. Although age certificates are not work permits, work permit officers are authorized to issue them.

The process for issuing an age certificate is the same as issuing a work permit (see How to Issue an Employment of Minors Permit). You'll simply select "Issue an Age Certificate" from the online work permit system. The applicant should be instructed to present the certificate of age to their employer and request its return on termination of employment so that they may present it to their next employer.

When and How to Refuse, Recall, Revoke or Suspend a Work Permit

Refusal of Permit

The permit officer must refuse to issue a permit for prohibited or similar employments as listed in Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12 and § DWD 270.13.

Permit officers MAY NOT issue permits if the minor is just a few weeks short of the legal age to do the work in question. The permit cannot be issued until the minor reaches that age.

The issuing officer may also refuse to issue a permit to a minor who seems physically unable to do the work, or when the best interest of the minor would be served by such refusal.

Recalling a Permit

The permit officer may ask an employer to return a permit which was found to be issued in error. When it is felt that the physical or moral welfare of the minor will be served by revocation of the permit, the permit officer should first ask the employer for the permit's return, then ask the parent to terminate the minor's employment. If necessary, ask our Madison office to investigate so the department can revoke the permit.

NOTE: You may want to remind employers that you are looking out for their best interest when you refuse to issue a permit.

Revoking a Permit

The department may revoke any permit whenever the permit has been improperly or illegally issued, or when the physical or moral welfare, or the best interests of the minor would be served by revocation. The department shall revoke or suspend a employment of minors permit when ordered to do so by a Judge. This occurs most often in cases of truancy.

The department may revoke any permit if requested in writing by the school principal, the minor's parent or guardian who has legal custody, or the court-ordered foster parent while the minor is under their care and supervision. The requesting party must demonstrate some attempt has taken place to resolve the work problem between the minor, school, parent or guardian, and employer before the request for revocation is made to the department. If the issue involves truancy or grades, a copy of school records is helpful.

The permit officers in local offices - including school districts - do NOT have the authority to revoke work permits.

Suspending a Permit

The department may suspend any permit whenever the permit has been improperly or illegally issued, or the physical or moral welfare, or the best interests of the minor would be served by the suspension.

The requirements for obtaining a suspension are the same as for obtaining a revocation. A suspension is a temporary hold on the permit. For example, a high school principal can ask that a permit be suspended for the remainder of a school year, April-May for example, because of poor grades since the child started the job.

Other responsibilities of Local Work Permit Offices

  • Update permit officer listing. Local offices must update us whenever officers leave. You may do this by calling (608) 266-6861 or by emailing WorkPermits@dwd.wisconsin.gov.
  • Screen permit officers. When reviewing the permit officers currently working in your office or considering adding new permit officers, it is important that you determine whether the potential permit officer is listed on the Department of Corrections' (DOC) website as a "sex offender." Persons listed on this website as sex offenders are not to work in fields where they might have unsupervised contact with minors.

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Work Permit Online Payment System

This site provides work permit offices with a secure, convenient method to pay the Department of Workforce Development the state's share of the work permit fees collected by permit offices. The service is free and available 24 hours a day seven days a week.

Step-by-step Instructions for First Time Users

In order to use this payment method you will need the following information:

  • Your work permit office number: You should be able to find this number on the online work permit system. If you have forgotten this number and are unable to access it online, you may obtain that number by contacting the Equal Rights Division at 608-266-6861.
  • Your Bank's Routing Transit Number: (A nine digit number that identifies your bank. The RTN appears as the first group of numbers at the bottom of your check.)
  • Your Checking Account Number: (This is the second group of numbers at the bottom of your check. Be careful not to include the check number, which is the last group of numbers at the bottom of a check.)

If you have questions not addressed in the instructions above, please call (608) 266-3345 or (608) 266-6861.

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Frequently Asked Questions

After issuing the permit, I realized I entered the minor's / employer's / school's information incorrectly. How do I edit this in the system?

Our current system does not allow anyone to edit information in a work permit once the permit has been issued. If you discover a mistake within 24 hours of issuing the permit, you may delete the incorrect permit yourself and simply reissue with the correct information. If you discover the mistake after 24 hours, you must contact the Department at (608) 266-6861 or via email to request that we delete the permit. Once we delete it, you can then reissue a new permit with the correct information.

There is no additional $10 fee for replacement permits.

The minor attends a school that is not included in the drop-down menu. How do I add this school to the drop-down menu?

Schools can only be added to the drop-down menu by our Department. Please call (608) 266-6861 or email to request that a school be added. Please be prepared to provide the school name, school district, county, address, phone number, and principal name.

Our former employee is still listed as a work permit officer for our office. How do I have him/her deactivated?

Work permit officers can only be deactivated by our Department. Please call (608) 266-6861 or email to request that a work permit officer be removed.

Our school principal/address/phone number/email address, etc. has changed. How do I edit this in the system so it appears properly on the work permit?

These changes can only be made by our Department. Please call (608) 266-6861 or email to update your school or work permit office's information.

I've forgotten my password. How can I retrieve it?

If you simply do not remember your user name and password, you may contact the DWD Account Management

Enter the email address you provided when you signed up for your DWD account. If you have signed up for multiple accounts with this email address, you will see an error message. Call the service desk at (608) 266-7252.

The person who issues work permits in our office is on vacation. How can I sign in to her account to issue permits during her absence?

You can't. Only authorized work permit officers may access the online work permit system. Each DWD account is specific to each individual work permit officer. Passwords should never be shared.

Fortunately, it's easy to become a work permit officer. See #1 of How to Issue an Employment of Minors Permit for instructions. It's a good idea to have at least 2 work permit officers in each office in the event of absences by the primary work permit officer.

The minor lost his social security card, but he does have a passport (or other gov't document). May I use the passport (or other gov't document) instead?

No. Every single minor who applies for a work permit must show his/her original social security card or a letter saying that a replacement card has been issued. (See #3 of How to Issue an Employment of Minors Permit.) "Other government documents" may be used in rare circumstances for proof of age, but a social security card is a separate requirement of obtaining a work permit.

I'm not sure if the work described would be prohibited for a minor this age or I believe the work is prohibited by the parent/minor/employer disagrees. How do I find out for sure?

Call (608) 266-6861 or email us! We are happy to advise on these matters.

A minor/parent/friend informed me that an employer is violating employment of minors laws. How can I report this or who can I talk to to determine whether a violation is occurring?

Call (608) 266-6861 or email us! We are happy to discuss any concerns and, if warranted, we can investigate to determine whether a violation is occurring. We accept anonymous complaints from any member of the public, including work permit officers.

I don't feel comfortable issuing a permit for this minor because something about the employer/minor/parent/work just seems fishy to me for some reason. What are my options?

You can always refuse to grant a permit if in your judgment the best interests of the minor would be served by the refusal. Feel free to discuss your concerns with our Department. Call (608) 266-6861 or email us!

I'm not sure that the documents provided by the minor are allowable as proof of age and identity. Who can I ask to make sure?

Call (608) 266-6861 or email us!

We need to add an additional work permit officer to our office. How do we do this?

This has to be done online through a two-step process. See #1 of How to Issue an Employment of Minors Permit for specific instructions.

I need you to send work permit invoices to someone else in our office. How do we make this change?

These changes can only be made by our Department. Please call (608) 266-6861 or email to update your office's primary contact person.

The minor is suspended or expelled from school. Can I issue a work permit to this person? If so, is she allowed to work during normal school hours?

Suspended or expelled minors are still eligible to obtain work permits. A minor who is 14 years of age or older may not be employed during the hours that the minor is required to attend school. Because suspended or expelled minors are not required to attend school, they may work during school hours during the period of suspension or expulsion.

I know that minors are not allowed to work during hours they are required to attend school, but this minor is home-schooled. How do I know what hours the minor is required to attend school?

You will need to ask the minor or the parent for a 'schedule' of the minor's home school hours. The schedule can be whatever the parent/minor wants it to be. Just make sure that the minor is not scheduled to work during the stated home school hours.

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Guidelines to Employment of Minors Regulations

Circumstances When Minors Under 14 Can Work

Children can work as young as age 12 in the following jobs:

  1. Caddy on a golf course, if using caddy carts.
  2. Work in the school lunch program of the school that they attend.
  3. When a parent is an owner of a business, the child of that parent down to age 12 can work with a permit. The child though is treated as a 12-13 year-old when it comes to the time of day, hours of work. Prohibited types of work and places of employment would still apply as they would to 14 and 15 year olds.
  4. Restitution Program - Minors 12-13 may be ordered by a court to make up to $250 in restitution. The child's work hours, and time of day, shall be as that of a 12-13 year-old. Prohibited types of work and places of employment would still apply as they would to 14 and 15 year olds. The 12-13 year-old minor cannot continue to work after having fulfilled the restitution order.
  5. Minors 12 and 13 years of age may be employed under direct adult supervision as officials for athletic events sponsored by private, nonprofit organizations in which the minor would be eligible to participate, or in which the participants are the same age as the minor, or younger than the minor. This provision allows these 12 and 13 year old minors to work as officials only if provisions of the Federal Fair Labor Standards Act (29 USC 201 to 219) would not prohibit that employment. The FLSA would prohibit such employment in business or schools over which it would exercise jurisdiction.
  6. Minors 12 years of age or older may be employed by a nonprofit organization in and around the home of an elderly person or a person with a disability to perform snow shoveling, lawn mowing, leaf raking, or other similar work usual to the home of the elderly person or person with a disability, if all of the following apply:
    1. The work is not in connection with or a part of the business, trade, or profession of that person;
    2. The type of employment is not specifically prohibited;
    3. The minor is paid the applicable minimum wage for the work;
    4. The minor's parent or guardian provides the nonprofit organization with his or her written consent for the minor to perform the work.
  7. Minors 12 and 13 years of age may be employed as sideline officials for high school football games.
  8. Minors 11 to 13 years of age may be employed as ball monitors at high school football games and practices.

Circumstances When No Work Permit is Required

  1. Agricultural work.
  2. Domestic employment - Work in or around a private home that is not a business, such as babysitting, yard work.
  3. Volunteer work for a non-profit agency, such as a volunteer at a non-profit hospital. Minors cannot perform prohibited work while volunteering.
  4. State of Wisconsin Youth Apprenticeship Program, although the program recommends that a permit be obtained.
  5. Court-ordered restitution or court-ordered community service employment.

Hours and Times of Day Minors May Work in Wisconsin

State and federal laws do not limit the hours that minors 16 years of age or over may work, except that they may not be employed or permitted to work during hours of required school attendance under Wis. Stat. § 118.15.

State and federal laws also permit minors under 16 to work up to seven days per week in the delivery of newspapers and agriculture. In most other types of labor, minors under 16 may only work six days a week.

Most employers must obtain work permits for minors before permitting them to work. For further information, see The Wisconsin Employment of Minors Guide (formerly named DWD-ERD-4758) ( English | Spanish )

Maximum Hours of Work for 14 & 15 year old minors After Labor Day through May 31 June 1 through Labor Day
Daily Hours
-- Non-School Days 8 hours 8 hours
-- School Days 3 hours 3 hours
Weekly Hours
-- Non-School Weeks 40 hours 40 hours
-- School Weeks 18 hours 18 hours
Permitted Time of Day 7 am - 7 pm 7 am - 9 pm

Employers subject to both federal and state laws must comply with the more stringent section of the two laws.

State employment of minors laws prohibit work during times that minors are required to be in school, except for students participating in work experience and career exploration programs operated by the school.

Minors under 16 years of age are limited to the maximum hours and time of day restrictions even though they may work for more than one employer during the same day or week.

Minors under 14 years of age are allowed to work in certain occupations (e.g., street trades, agriculture, and work in school lunch programs. See the Wisconsin Employment of Minors Guide (formerly named ERD-4758-P), for more detail). These minors are subject to the same hourly and time of day restrictions as minors who are 14 or 15 years of age.

Minors under 18 years of age may not work more than 6 consecutive hours without having a 30-minute, duty free meal period.

Minors 16 & 17 years of age who are employed after 11:00 pm must have 8 hours of rest between the end of one shift and the start of the next shift.

Minimum Wage for minors is $7.25 per hour. Employers may pay an "Opportunity Wage" of $5.90 per hour for the first 90 days of employment. On the 91st day, the wage must increase to $7.25 per hour.

For further information about the federal employment of minors laws call (608) 441-5221, or write to U.S. Department of Labor, Wage & Hour, 740 Regent Street, Suite 102, Madison, WI 53715.

For further information about the state employment of minors laws, call the Equal Rights Division in Madison (608) 266-6860 or Milwaukee (414) 227-4384

Index to Prohibited or Restricted Employment

An employment of minors work permit does not allow the employment of a minor in prohibited work and does not protect the employer if it allows the minor to do any work that is prohibited by statute or restricted by order.

Adult Bookstores

  1. Prohibited to all minors - all occupations
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(1).

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Agricultural

  1. OK for 16 and over. Hours per week, time of day, and hazardous employments regulated.
  2. NOTE: This section does not apply to the employment of a minor engaged in farm work performed outside school hours in connection with the minor's own home farm and directly for his or her parent or guardian, or on another farm, with the consent of minor's parent or guardian where the farm work is primarily an exchange of labor with another farmer. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.15.
  3. No permit is necessary.
  4. Prohibited under 16
    1. Operating or assisting in the operation of machinery, including, but not limited to, farm type tractors and other self-propelled vehicles. Except that minors trained under either the 4-H federal extension service or the U.S. office of education vocational agriculture training programs may work on equipment permitted by their certificate of training. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).
    2. Operating or assisting to operate (including starting, stopping, adjusting, feeding or any other activity involving physical contact associated with the operation) any of the following machines:
      1. Corn picker
      2. Cotton picker
      3. Grain Combine
      4. Hay mower
      5. Forage
      6. Harvester
      7. Hay baler
      8. Potato digger
      9. Mobile pea viner
      10. Feed grinder
      11. Crop dryer
      12. Forage blower
      13. Auger conveyor
      14. Unloading mechanism of a non-gravity type self-unloading wagon or trailer
      15. Power post hole digger
      16. Power post driver
      17. Non-walking type rotary tiller
      18. Trencher
      19. Forklift
      20. Potato combine
      21. Power-driven circular, band or chain saw - SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
    3. Working a yard, pen or stall occupied by a:
      1. Bull
      2. Boar
      3. Stud horse maintained for breeding purposes
      4. Sow with suckling pigs
      5. Cow with newborn calf (with umbilical cord present)
    4. Timber with butt diameter of more than 6 inches:
      1. Felling
      2. Bucking
      3. Skidding
      4. Loading
      5. Unloading
    5. Ladder or scaffold at a height of over 20 feet:
      1. Painting
      2. Repairing
      3. Building structures
      4. Pruning trees
      5. Picking fruit
    6. Driving a bus, truck or automobile when transporting passengers, or riding on a tractor as a passenger or helper
    7. Working inside:
      1. Fruit, forage or grain storage designed to retain an oxygen deficient or toxic atmosphere
      2. Upright silo within 2 weeks after silage has been added or where a top loading devide is in operation
      3. Manure pit
      4. Horizontal silo while operating a tractor for packing purposes
    8. Handling or applying agricultural chemicals identified by the word "poison" or the "skull and crossbones" on the label including the following:
      1. Cleaning
      2. Decontaminating equipment
      3. Disposal or return of empty containers
      4. Serving as a flagman for aircraft
    9. Handling or using a blasting agent such as:
      1. Dynamite
      2. Black Powder
      3. Sensitized ammonium nitrate
      4. Blasting caps
      5. Primer cord
    10. Anhydrous ammonia
      1. Transporting
      2. Transferring
      3. Applying
  5. SEE Ladders, Roofing, Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6), DWD 270.15, and 29 CFR §570.71.

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Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows

  1. OK for 16 and over to load or unload passengers on water slides
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS- All other rides:
    1. Any rides (animal or device) or machinery:
      1. Operating
      2. Assisting to operate
      3. Erection or dismantling
      4. Setting up
      5. Adjusting
      6. Repairing
      7. Oiling or cleaning
      8. Loading or unloading passengers
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2) & DWD 270.13(18).

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Amusement or Recreational Centers In or About, Commercial

  1. OK for 14 and over in establishments such as:
    1. Arcades
    2. Arenas
    3. Auditoriums
    4. Billiar halls and pool rooms
    5. Bowling lanes
    6. Coliseums
    7. Dance hall and pavilions
    8. Duck pin alleys
    9. Karting tracks (no loading and unloading passengers)
    10. Race tracks (no pari-mutuel betting)
    11. Roller skating rinks
    12. Stadiums
    13. Theaters
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Apprentices, Adult Program

Employment of minors permits are not needed for apprentices indentured by the Department of Workforce Development and they are NOT subject to prohibited employments when they are performing a service within the provisions of their contract. Wis. Stat. § 103.70(1) and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.05(2)(e).

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Arcades

  1. OK for 14 and over

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Arenas

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Asbestos, Chrysotile, Crocidolite, Amosite, Tremolite, Anthophyllite and Actinolite

  1. Prohibited to All Minors - Occupations or duties involving exposure to these substances.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(3).

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Auditoriums

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Automobiles

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Babysitting

  1. OK for 12 and over in non-business home.
  2. OK for 14 and over in a business
  3. No permit necessary if work is performed in private homes, not in association with a business. Permits are required if work is done for a business.
  4. Hours, times of day, and days per week are not regulated. In businesses, hours are regulated.
  5. SEE Domestic Employment & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.05(2)(i).

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Bakeries

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Bakery Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).

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Bakery Machines

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. Operation, assisting to operate, or setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning any:
    1. Horizontal or vertical dough mixer
    2. Batter mixer
    3. Bread dividing machine
    4. Rounding machine
    5. Molding machine
    6. Dough brake
    7. Dough sheeter
    8. Combination bread slicing and wrapping machine
    9. Cake cutting band saw
  3. Setting up or adjusting a cookie or cracker machine.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).

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Bands, Combos, Orchestras, Musicians

  1. No permit necessary. No minimum age.
  2. Prohibited to ALL Minors - Playing in a:
    1. Roadhouse
    2. Cabaret
    3. Dance hall
    4. Night club
    5. Tavern
    6. Or other similar places
  3. These prohibitions do not apply to theatres, dinner theaters, or dances held solely for minors, conducted by private clubs or civics organizations.
  4. SEE Public Exhibition & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

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Band Saws

  1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

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Beer Depots and Liquor Stores

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Billiard Halls

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Bingo

  1. Prohibited to All Minors - Occupations involving conducting or assisting in the operation of the bingo game.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(5) & Wis. Stat. § 563.51(13)(b), which regulates bingo games contains a similar prohibition.

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Brick, Tile and Kindred Products

  1. OK for 16 and over in offices in silica brick manufacturers or silica refractories. All other activities prohibited.
  2. Prohibited to All Minors - All occupations in and about establishments in which clay constructions products are manufactured.
    1. Brick
    2. Hollow structural tile
    3. Sewer pipe and kindred products
    4. Refractories
    5. Architectural terra cotta
    6. Glazed structural tile
    7. Roofing tile
    8. Stove lining
    9. Chimney pipes and tops
    10. Wall coping
    11. Drain tile
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(6).

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Boats and Vessels

  1. OK for 16 and over - Commercial Use.
  2. SEE Transportation & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(19).

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Bouncers, Crowd Control

  1. Prohibited to All Minors - In establishments where liquor is present.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Bowling Alleys

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Breweries

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).
  3. SEE Manufacturing, Mining or Processing.

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Brewery Offices

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Building Trades

  1. OK for 16 and over (General Employment).
  2. SEE Construction & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(5).

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Buses

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - driving
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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CBRFs (Community-Based Residential Facilities)

  1. OK for 16 and over under the following conditions
    • CBRFs are not required to have licensed practical nurses or registered nurses on the premises at all times.
    • If students work as CNAs are employed under 18 years of age, they must work on site with another qualified caregiver; they may not work alone.
    • A facility waiver must be issued from the Department of Health Services, Division of Quality Assurance, for Youth Apprentice-ship students placed in CBRFs. For more information or to re-quest a waiver, contact the Assisted Living Regional Director in the county in which the facility is located. See http://www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/rl_DSL/Contacts/alsreglmap.htm

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CNAs (Certified Nursing Assistants)

  1. OK for 16 and over after passing CNA competency test.

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Cabs

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - driving.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Caddies on Golf Courses

  1. OK for 12 and over
  2. SEE Golf Courses & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.10(2)(d) & DWD 270.17.

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Camps

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. Work must be in accordance with all provisions of the minimum wage and employment of minors regulations.

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Canning Factories

  1. OK for 16 and over
  2. Special regulations for 16 and 17 employed during canning season.

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Carnivals

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2) & DWD 270.13(18).

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Car Washes

  1. OK for 14 and over IF no driving.
  2. OK for 15 and over to drive car on lot into wash, not on public streets.

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Catering

  1. OK for 16 and over with direct adult supervision.
  2. OK for 14 and over IF work in office, workroom, or kitchen IF preparing and serving food and beverages with adult supervision including use of dishwashers, toasters, dumbwaiters, microwaves, popcorn poppers, blenders, automatic coffee machines, and devices used to maintain temperature of prepared food (such as warmers, steam tables and heat lamps).
  3. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors relations
  4. SEE Cooking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(10).

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Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws and Guillotine Shears

  1. OK for 16 and over IF power-driven fixed or portable machines are equipped with full automatic feed and ejection AND a fixed guard.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
    1. Operator or helper, setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning on the following power-driven fixed or portable machines.

      NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable parts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.

      1. Circular saws
      2. Band saws
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

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Cleaning

  1. OK for 14 and over
    1. Janitorial
    2. Medical and Lab Cleaning
  2. SEE Infectious Agents & Power-driven Machinery.

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Clubhouses

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Coal Mine

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Refuse picking at a picking table or picking chute in a tipple or breaker.
    2. Office duties
    3. Repair and maintenance shops on the mine surface
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
    1. All Occupations in or about a coal mine which are:
      1. Performed underground
      2. In an open pit
      3. On the surface part of a plant contributing to the
        1. Extraction
        2. Grading
        3. Clearing
        4. Handling
  3. Wis. Admin Code § DWD 270.12(8).

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Coffee Shop

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Coliseums

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Combos, Bands, Musicians, Orchestras

  1. SEE Bands & Public Exhibition & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

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Communications and Public Utilities

  1. OK for 16 and over
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § 270.13(4).

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Confined Space

  1. Prohibited to All Minors -
  2. All occupations or duties in an environment which by design or construction has limited openings for entry and egress, has unfavorable natural ventilation, could reasonably be believed by the employer to have dangerous air contaminants, or contain materials which may produce dangerous air contaminants, and is not intended for human occupancy.
  3. Confined spaces include, but are not limited to:
    1. Storage tanks
    2. Compartments of ships
    3. Process vessels
    4. Pits
    5. Silos
    6. Vats
    7. Degreasers
    8. Reaction vessels
    9. Boilers
    10. Ventilation and exhaust ducts
    11. Manholes
    12. Sewers
    13. Tunnels
    14. Underground utility vaults
    15. Pipelines
  4. Does NOT include heating system tunnels and vaults.
  5. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(7).

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Construction

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Demolition.
  2. SEE Wrecking, Demolition and Ship-breaking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).
  3. All others -
    1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
    2. SEE Excavation Operations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(9).
    3. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
    4. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machinery & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § 270.13(4).

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Cooking

  1. OK for 16 and over with direct adult supervision.
  2. OK for 14 and over IF work in office, workroom, or kitchen IF preparing and serving food and beverages with adult supervision including use of dishwashers, toasters, dumbwaiters, microwaves, popcorn poppers, blenders, automatic coffee machines and devices used to maintain temperature of prepared food (such as warmers, steam tables and heat lamps).
  3. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors regulations
  4. SEE Cooking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(10).

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Cooperage Stock Mill

  1. SEE Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

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Curb Service Restaurants and Stands

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors regulations
  3. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Dance Bands

  1. SEE Bands and Public Exhibition & Wis. Stat § 103.78.

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Dance Halls

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. May not be sent to places of employment prohibited by employment of minors regulations
  3. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Delivery Drivers

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORSas the driver.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Demolition and Wrecking

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Demolition
  2. SEE Wrecking, Demolition and Ship-breaking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).

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Distributing

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. SEE Street Trades & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.10(2).

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Ditches

  1. OK for 16 and over IF in ditches and trenches not exceeding 4 feet in depth at any point.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - in trenches, tunnels and caissons over 4 feet in depth.
  3. SEE Excavation Operations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(9) & DWD 270.12(7)Confined Spaces.

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Domestic Employment

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. No permit necessary if work is performed outside school hours.
  3. Hours, time of day, and days per week not regulated.
  4. NOTE: Work must be in connection with home of employer (such as caring for children, mowing laws, raking lawns, shoveling snow, etc.), not in connection with business, trade, or profession of employer.

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Dredging

  1. SEE Mining, other than Coal, & Wis. Admin. Code DWD 270.12(20).

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Drill Presses

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Drivers and Helpers

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Elevators

  1. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

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Excavation Operations

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS:
    1. Occupations in trenches over 4 feet in depth
      1. Excavating
      2. Working in
      3. Backfilling
      4. Refilling
    2. Occupations for building or other structures
      1. Excavating
      2. Working in
    3. Working within tunnels or shafts prior to the completing of all driving and shoring operations.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(9) & DWD 270.12(7).

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Exotic Dancers

  1. Prohibited to all minors.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(10).

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Explosives

  1. OK for 16 and over in retail establishments where explosives are sold.
  2. OK for 16 and over in the following occupations in or about any establishment manufacturing or storing small arms ammunition IF:
    1. Manufacturing or storing small arms ammunition not exceeding .60 caliber in size, shotgun shells or blasting caps
    2. Manufacturing, mixing, transporting or handling explosive compounds used in small arms ammunition or duties performed in explosive areas where compounds are manufactured or mixed.
    3. Manufacturing, transporting, or handling of primers or duties in same building in which primers are manufactured.
    4. Priming of cartridges and duties in same workroom where rimfire cartridges are primed.
    5. Plate loading of cartridges.
    6. Operation of automatic loading machines.
    7. Blasting caps.
      1. Loading
      2. Inspecting
      3. Packing
      4. Shipping
      5. Storage
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Any occupation in or about establishments that manfacture or store explosives or explosive components > .60 caliber.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(11).

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Factories

  1. OK for 16 and over (General Employment).
  2. SEE:
    1. Bakery Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).
    2. Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
    3. Explosives & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(11).
    4. Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
    5. Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).
    6. Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).
    7. Paper Products Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(22).
    8. Radioactive Substances & Ionizing Radiations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).
    9. Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).
    10. Strikes and Lockouts & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(26).
    11. Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

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Fairs

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2) & DWD 270.13(18).

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Farm Type Tractors and Other Self-Propelled Vehicles

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Service Stations.
  3. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12) & DWD 270.13(14).

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Floor Maintenance Equipment (Polishers and Scrubbers)

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Floor Sanders

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Food Slicers

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Meat Slicers and Saws & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

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Forklift Trucks (Industrial)

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

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Free Silica

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Brick, Tile and Kindred Products & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(6).

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Fur Farm (Deemed Agriculture)

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. No permit necessary.
  3. Hours per week, time of day, hazardous employments regulated.
  4. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin Code § DWD 270.13(6).

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Garages

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Ladders, Service Stations, Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12), DWD 270.13(11), & DWD 270.13(14).

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Gasoline Stations

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Ladders, Service Stations, Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12), DWD 270.13(11), & DWD 270.13(14).

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Golf Courses/Golf Carts

  1. OK for 14 and over. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).
  2. OK for 14 and over in clubhouses. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).
  3. OK for power-driven golf carts 16 and over (not on roads).
  4. OK for 12 and over as caddies.
  5. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.10(2)(d) & DWD 270.17.

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Gravel Pits, Mines and Quarries

  1. OK for 16 and over in offices or weigh stations.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Occupations in or about.
  3. SEE Mining, other than Coal, & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

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Greenhouses

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. Not considered agriculture unless operated by farmer for food and farm plants. Employment of minors permits are required.
  3. SEE Ladders.

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Grinder & Grinder Wheels

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Guillotine Shears

  1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Chain Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

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Gun Clubs

  1. OK for 16 and over as skeet and trap loaders, and for pullers and scorers if work performed on gun range itself.
  2. OK for 14 and over (General Employment)
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(8).

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Helper - Motor Vehicle

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus

  1. OK for minors to ride on a freight elevator operated by an assigned operator.
  2. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Operation or tending of any hoisting apparatus including:
      1. grease rack lift
      2. floor jacks
      3. service jacks
      4. hand jacks
    2. Operation of an unattended automatic operation passenger elevator or an electric or air-operated hoist IF not greater than one-ton. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12)(b).
    3. Patient Lifts - Can assist an adult worker in the operation of floor-based vertical powered patient/resident lift devices, ceiling mounted vertical powered patient/resident lift devices, and powered sit-to-stand patient/resident lift devices after completing a required CNA training program. U.S. Department of Labor - Wage & Hour Division, Field Assistance Bulletin 2011-3.
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Operation of power-driven hoisting apparatus
      1. Elevator (except automatic elevators)
      2. Crane
      3. Derrick
      4. Hoist
      5. High-lift truck, i.e. forklift
      6. Hydraulic lift (including non-power driven)
    2. Riding on power-driven hoisting apparatus
      1. Manlift
      2. Freight elevators (except one operated by assigned operator)
    3. Assisting in the operation of a crane, derrick or hoist as
      1. Crane hookers
      2. Crane chasers
      3. Hookers-on
      4. Riggers
      5. Rigger helpers
      6. Like occupations
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

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Hospitals

  1. OK for 16 and over (personal care of patients). Personal care includes assisting the patient in dressing, bathing, eating, ambulation (walking from place to place), etc.
  2. For Patient Lifts - SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
  3. OK for 14 and over to push patients in wheelchairs, but no loading and unloading of the chair. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(9).

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Hotels, Motels, Summer Resorts, and Clubhouses

  1. OK for 14 and over
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Infectious Agents

  1. Prohibited to all minors - All occupations or duties relating to exposure to bacterial, mycoplasmal, fungal, parasitic or viral agent identified by the department by rule as causing illness in humans or human fetuses or both, which is introduced by an employer to (purposely) be used, studied, or produced in the workplace.
  2. "Infectious agent' does NOT include such an agent in or on the body of a person who is present in the workplace for diagnosis and treatment.
  3. "Studied" does NOT include testing completed in diagnostic laboratories using standard precautions where blood, urine, and other bodily fluids are tested diagnostically.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(13).

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Insecticides

  1. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

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Ionizing or Radiation Exposure

  1. SEE Radioactive Substances & Ionizing Radiations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).

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Karting Tracks

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows.

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Kiddie Rides

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals, and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).

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Kitchen Work

  1. SEE Cooking.

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Ladders

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Roofing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(11).

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Lath Mill

  1. SEE Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill, or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

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Lathes

  1. OK for 16 and over. (NOT wood lathes).
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Lawn and Garden Equipment Including Sidewalk Type Snow Blowers

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. OK for Minors 14 and over in and around the private home of the employer and not in connection with his trade or business with proper instruction in the handling and maintenance of such equipment.
  3. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Lead

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - All occupations involving hazardous exposure to lead.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(16).

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Lifeguards and Swimming Instructors and Aides

  1. OK for 16 and over as lifeguards, swimming instructors, and aids IF the minor has successfully completed a bona fide life saving course.
  2. Minors 14 and 15 can work in a basket room only.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(14).

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Lifts

  1. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

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Liquor

  1. OK for 14 and over in establishment where strong spirituous or malt liquors are manufactured, bottled, stored, sold or given away IF they are not serving, selling, dispensing or giving away that liquor.
  2. NOTE: Taking orders for liquor does not constitute serving, selling, dispensing or giving away liquor.
  3. Minors may not act as bouncers, crowd controllers, or identification checkers where liquor is present.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Lockouts

  1. SEE Strikes and Lockouts & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(26).

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Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill, or Cooperage Stock Mill

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Offices
    2. Repair or maintenance shop
    3. Living and administrative quarters of logging camps
      1. Construction
      2. Operation
      3. Repair or maintenance
    4. Work in
      1. Timber cruising
      2. Surveying
      3. Logging-engineering parties
      4. Repair or maintenance of
        1. Roads
        2. Railroads
        3. Flumes
      5. Forest protection
        1. Clearing fire trails or roads
        2. Piling and burning slash
        3. Constructing and maintaining telephone lines
        4. Fire lookout or fire patrolman away from actual logging operations
      6. Occupations not done in conjunction with or at same time and place as other occupations declared hazardous
        1. Peeling fence posts
        2. Pulpwood
        3. Chemical wood
      7. Work in the feeding or care of animals related to logging
    5. Work in permanent saw mill, lath mill, shingle mill, or cooperage stock mills
      1. Offices
      2. Repair or maintenance shop
      3. Straightening, marking, or tallying lumber on the dry chain or the dry drop sorter
      4. Pulling lumber from the dry chain
      5. Cleanup in the lumberyard
      6. Piling, handling or shipping of cooperage stock in yards or storage sheds
      7. Clerical work in yards or shipping sheds such as done by order men, tallymen and shipping clerks
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. All occupations in logging, and in the operation of any saw mill, lath mill, shingle mill or cooperage stock mill.
      1. Felling or bucking of timber
      2. Collecting or transporting of logs
      3. Operation of or assisting in operation of power-driven machinery
      4. Handling or use of explosives
      5. Work on trestles
      6. Portable saw mill
      7. Lumberyard used for temporary storage of green lumber
      8. Entering of saw mill building
      9. Use of chain saws
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

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Machines

  1. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).
  2. SEE Bakery Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4).
  3. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).
  4. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
  5. SEE Metal forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machinery & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).
  6. SEE Paper Products Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(22).
  7. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).
  8. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

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Manufacturing, Mining or Processing

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Factories; Machines; and Mining, other than Coal, & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(13).

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Marinas

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. OK for 16 and over operating boats.

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Meal Periods

  1. At least 30 minutes shall be allowed for each meal period reasonably close to the usual meal period time, namely 6 a.m., 12 noon, 6 p.m. and 12 midnight. In no case may a minor work more than 6 consecutive hours without a meal period.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.11(3).

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Meat Grinders

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

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Meat Packing

  1. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

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Meat Slicers and Saws

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

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Mercantile Establishment (Stores)

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Mercury

  1. SEE Mining other than Coal & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

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Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines

  1. OK for 16 and over IF pressing and punching machines are equipped with automatic feed and ejection and with a fixed barrier to prevent hands or fingers of the operator from entering the area between the dies; power presses; and plate punches.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Operator of or helper on the following power-driven metal forming, punching and shearing machines
    1. All rolling machines such as
      1. Bending
      2. Straightening
      3. Corrugating
      4. Flanging
      5. Bending rolls
      6. Hot or cold rolling mills
    2. All pressing or punching machines such as (except those with automatic feed and ejection)
      1. Punch press
      2. Power presses
      3. Plate punches
    3. All bending machines such as
      1. Apron brakes
      2. Press brakes
    4. All hammering machines such as
      1. Drop hammers
      2. Power hammers
    5. All shearing machines such as
      1. Guillotine or squaring shears
      2. Alligator shears
      3. Rotary shears
  3. Occupations of setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning machines including those with automatic feed and ejection. NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable parts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
  4. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).
  5. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & WI Admin. Code DWD 270.12(25).
  6. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

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Mining other than Coal

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Offices, warehouse or supply house, change house, laboratory, and repair or maintenance shops not located underground.
    2. Operations and maintenance of living quarters
    3. Surveying, repair and maintenance of roads, general cleanup such as cleaning brush and digging drainage ditches
    4. Track crews for building and maintaining track in open-cut metal mines when mining and haulage is not conducted at same time and place
    5. Surface placer mining operations other than placer dredging and hydraulic placer operations
    6. Metal mills other than in mercury recovery mills or mills using cyanide process
      1. Jigs, sludge tables, flotation cells on drain filters
      2. Hand sorting at picking table or picking belt
      3. General cleanup
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. The term all occupations in connection with mining other than coal shall mean all work performed
      1. Underground in mines and quarries
      2. On the surface at underground mines and underground quarries
      3. Open-cut mines in or about
      4. Open quarries
      5. Clay pits
      6. Sand and gravel operations
      7. Placer mining operations at or about
      8. Dredging operations for clay, sand or gravel at or about
      9. Bore hole mining operations at or about
      10. Metal mills, washer plants or grinding mills reducing the bulk of the extracted minerals at or about
      11. Any other crushing, grinding, screening, sizing, washing or cleaning operations on extracted mineral except where part of a manufacturing process
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

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Modeling

  1. No age limit. NOT in roadhouse, dance hall, tavern or similar place.
  2. No permit necessary.
  3. Parents must accompany minors under age 16.
  4. Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

Motels, Hotels

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper

  1. OK for 17-year-olds IF:
    1. Driving is only occasional and incidental.
    2. Driving is restricted to daylight hours.
    3. Driving takes place within a 30-mile radius of the place of employment.
    4. The motor vehicle does not exceed 6,000 pounds gross weight.
    5. The minor has a valid driving license for the type of driving involved.
    6. The minor has no record of moving violations at the time of hire.
    7. The vehicle is equipped with safety belts and seat belt instruction is provided.
    8. The driving may not involve any of the following:
      1. Towing of vehicles;
      2. Route of deliveries or route sales;
      3. Transportation for hire of property, goods or passengers
      4. Urgent, time-sensitive deliveries;
      5. Transporting more than 3 passengers who are employees of the employer at any time.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Outside helpers on motor vehicles. "Outside helper" means any individual, other than a driver, whose work includes riding on a motor vehicle outside the cab for the purpose of assisting in transporting or delivering goods.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Mowers

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. OK for 14 and over IF non-power driven mowers.
  3. OK for 14 and over in and around the private home of the employer and not in connection with his trade, business or profession with proper instruction in the handling and maintenance of such equipment. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15)(c).
  4. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15)(b)4.

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Musicians

  1. SEE Band, Combos, Orchestras, Musicians and Public Exhibition, & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

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Newspaper Delivery

  1. OK for 12 and over.
  2. SEE Street Trades & Wis. Stat. § 103.23(2). & Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 271.

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Nail Guns

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
  2. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

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Nursing Homes

  1. OK for 16 and over (personal care of patients). Personal care includes assisting the patient in dressing, bathing, eating, ambulation (walking from place to place), etc.
  2. For Patient Lifts - SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).
  3. OK for 14 and over to push patients in wheelchairs, but no loading and unloading of the chair. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(9).

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Orchestras

  1. SEE Bands, Combos, Orchestra, Musicians and Public Exhibitions, & Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

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Outdoor Theaters

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Paper Products Machines

  1. OK for 16 and over IF die cutting press, platen printing press and punch press machines are equipped with automatic feed and ejection and with a fixed barrier to prevent hands or fingers of the operator from entering the area between the dies; power presses; and plate punches.
  2. OK for 16 and over - may load materials into, but not operate or unload, a scrap paper baler or box compactor IF:
    1. Equipment meets ANSI standard
    2. Equipment has on-off with key-lock system in control of an adult
    3. Equipment is off when not in use
    4. Equipment has posted notice of employment of minors restrictions
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Operating or assisting to operate any of the following power-driven paper products machines
      1. Arm type wire stitcher or stapler
      2. Circular or band saw
      3. Corner cutter or mitering machine
      4. Corrugating and single or double facing machine
      5. Envelope die cutting press
      6. Guillotine paper cutter or shear
      7. Horizontal bar scorer
      8. Laminating or combining machine
      9. Sheeting machine
      10. Scrap paper baler
      11. Vertical slotter
    2. Machines involving hand feeding
      1. Platen die cutting press
      2. Platen printing press
      3. Punch press
    3. Occupation of setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning these machines. NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable parts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
  4. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(22).

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Parent-Owned Business

  1. OK for 12 and over IF a parent owns the business.
  2. Children employed or permitted to work at any gainful occupation for their parent or guardian must be employed in compliance with the employment of minors regulations.
  3. Wis. Stat. § 103.70, 103.67(2)(g) & 103.82(3).

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Park Stands

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Patient Lifting

  1. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus and Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12).

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Pavilions

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Pool Rooms

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Power-Driven Machinery (light)

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Operation or assisting in operation of the following machines:
      1. Lawn and grader equipment/power mower and riding lawn mower
      2. Snow blowers
      3. Drill presses
      4. Grinder wheels
      5. Lathes (NOT Wood Lathes)
      6. Portable power-driven machinery such as
        1. Drills
        2. Sanders
        3. Polishers (floor)
        4. Scrubbers (floor)
      7. Welding, light
      8. Spot welding
      9. Power-driven golf carts (NOT on public roads)
      10. Weed string trimmers (NOT bladed)
  2. OK for 14 and over -
    1. Automatic washing machines
    2. Vacuum cleaners
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Press Brakes

  1. SEE Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

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Private Clubs

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Processing

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Manufacturing, Mining and Processing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(13).

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Public Exhibition

  1. No permit necessary
  2. No minimum age except that no minor under 18 may work in the following public exhibition:
    1. Roadhouse
    2. Cabaret
    3. Dance hall
    4. Night club
    5. Tavern
    6. Or other similar place
  3. NOTE: These prohibitions do not apply to theatres, dinner theaters or dances held solely for minors, conducted by private clubs or civic organizations.
  4. Wis. Stat. § 103.78.

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Public Messenger Service

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21) & DWD 270.13(16).

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Public Utilities

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Ladders & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(4).

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Punching Machines

  1. SEE Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

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Quarries, Mines, Gravel Pits

  1. SEE Mining other than Coal & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(20).

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Racetracks and Fairs with Pari-Mutuel Betting

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(17).

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Radioactive Substances and Ionizing Radiations

  1. OK for 16 and over in workrooms with radioactive substances IF -
    1. The radioactive substances present in the air are average concentrations less than 10% of maximum permissible concentrations recommended for occupational exposure.
    2. The ionizing radiation exposure to ionizing radiations is less than 0.5 rem per year.
    3. The radioactive substances are NOT mixtures of phosphorescent material and radium, mesothorium, or other radioactive material, OR incandescent mantles made from fabric and thorium salt solutions.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Students are not allowed in any workroom with exposure to ionizing radiations OR to any mixture of phosphorescent material and radium, mesothorium, or other radioactive material is stored, used, or made OR incandescent mantles made from fabric and thorium salt solutions are processed and packaged.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).

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Railroads

  1. SEE Transportation & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(19).

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Recreations Centers

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Rendering

  1. SEE Slaughtering, Meat Packing or Processing or Rendering & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

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Resorts

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Restaurants

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Cooking
    2. Baking
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Meat slicers and grinders
    2. Serving, selling, dispensing, giving away alcoholic beverages
  4. SEE Liquor, Meat Slicers, Bakery Machines, Cooking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(4), DWD 270.12(15), DWD 270.13(10).

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Riding Academy

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2), DWD 270.13(18).

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Roller Skating Rinks

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Roofing or Work On or About a Roof

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Occupations performed in roofing OR on or about a roof.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(24)

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Salvage

  1. SEE Wrecking, Demolition and Shipbreaking & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).

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Sanders

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Saws

  1. SEE Circular Saws, Band Saws, Guillotine Shears & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(25).

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Saw Mills

  1. SEE Logging, Saw-Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

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Scaffolds

  1. SEE Ladders & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(11).

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Service Stations

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Operation or assisting in the operation:
      1. grease rack lifts
      2. service jacks
      3. hand jacks
      4. air compressors
      5. tire changers
      6. truck tire changers
      7. wheel balancers
      8. work in pits
      9. work involving the inflation of any tire mounted on arm equipped with a removable retaining ring
      10. hoists one ton or less
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Operation or assisting in the operation of:
      1. hoists used on tow trucks no matter the capacity
      2. towing of vehicles
      3. cranes
  3. SEE Hoists and Hoisting Apparatus & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(12), DWD 270.13(3), DWD 270.14(14).

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Shearing Machines

  1. SEE Metal Forming, Punching and Shearing Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(19).

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Shingle Mill

  1. SEE Logging, Saw Mill, Lath Mill, Shingle Mill or Cooperage Stock Mill & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(17).

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Shoe Shining

  1. OK for 14 and over in stand or barber shop. Wis. Stat. § 103.70.
  2. OK for 12 and over on any street or public place (Street Trades). Wis. Stat. § 103.21 & 103.22, & Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 271.

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Skating Rinks

  1. OK for 14 and over.

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Skeet Trap Shooting

  1. OK for 16 and over as skeet and trap loaders, and for pullers and scorers if work performed on gun range itself.
  2. OK for 14 and over (General Employment).
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(18).

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Ski Hill

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Slaughtering, Meat Packing, Processing or Rendering

  1. OK for 16 and over -
    1. Messengers
    2. Runners
    3. Hand truckers
    4. Similar occupations
    5. Packaging and shipping lard and oils
    6. Lard roll machines
    7. Bacon cutting machines
    8. Belly rolling machines
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Packing establishments, rendering plants, or wholesale, retail or service establishments
      1. Killing floor
      2. Curing cellars
      3. Hide cellars
      4. Recovery of lard and oils
      5. Tankage or rendering of the following into stock feeds, tallow, inedible greases, fertilizer ingredients and similar products.
        1. Dead Animals
        2. Animal offal
        3. Animal fats
        4. Scrap meats
        5. Blood
        6. Bones
      6. Operation or feeding of the following power-driven meat processing machines, including setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning.
        1. Meat patty forming machines
        2. Meat and bone cutting:
          1. Saws
          2. Knives
          3. Head splitters
          4. Guillotine cutters
          5. Snout pullers & jaw pullers
          6. Skinning machines
      7. Horizontal rotary washing machines
      8. Casing-clearing machines such as
        1. Crushing
        2. Stripping
        3. Finishing
      9. Grinding machines
      10. Mixing machines
      11. Chopping machines
      12. Hashing machines
      13. Presses
      14. All boning occupations
      15. Pushing or dropping of any suspended
        1. Carcass
        2. Half carcass
        3. Quarter carcass
      16. Hand lifting or hand carving
        1. Suspended carcass (beef, pork or horse)
        2. Half carcass (beef, pork or horse)
        3. Quarter carcass (beef or horse)
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(18).

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Snow Blowers

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. OK for 14 and over in and around the private home of the employer and not in connection with his trade, business or profession with proper instruction in the handling and maintenance of such equipment.
  3. SEE Power-Driven Machinery (light) & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Special Needs Employee

  1. Must have employment of minors permit even IF having a special minimum wage license.

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Spraying or Dusting

  1. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

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Stadiums

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Minors may not act as bouncers, crowd controllers or identification checkers where liquor is present.
  3. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Staple Guns

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Woodworking Power-Driven Machines & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

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Storage

  1. SEE Warehousing and Storage & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(20).

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Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).

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Street Trades

  1. OK for 12 and over. Selling & delivering newspapers, magazines and other merchandise, such as ice cream on public streets.
  2. NOTE: House to house for profit employers, who recruit minors to conduct street trades from house to house such as selling candy, pot holders, etc. are required to have a street trade permit, but must first obtain a written certification from the Department before a permit can be issued.
  3. Wis. Stat. § 103.23(1) & Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 271.

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Strikes and Lockouts

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. Any occupations performed in or on the premises of any establishment where a strike or lockout is in active progress including picketing.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(26).

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Swimming Instructor Aids and Lifeguards

  1. OK for 16 and over as lifeguards, swimming instructors, and aids IF the minor has successfully completed a bona fide life saving course.
  2. Minors 14 and 15 can work in basket room only.
  3. Wis. Admin. Code Ch. DWD 270.12(14).

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Taverns

  1. OK for 14 and over.
  2. SEE Cooking, Liquor & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(15).

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Taxi

  1. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Television (TV) Antenna and TV Cable

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
  2. SEE Roofing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(24).

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Theaters

  1. OK for 14 and over

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Tower Erection

  1. Prohibited to ALL MINORS.
  2. SEE Roofing & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(24).

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Tractors (Farm-Type) and Other Self-Propelled Vehicles

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. Under certain conditions, OK for 14 and over.
  3. SEE Agriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

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Transportation of Persons or Property

  1. SEE Boats.
  2. SEE Motor Vehicle Driver and Outside Helper & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(21).

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Trap Shooting and Skeet Loading

  1. OK for 15 and over as skeet and trap loaders, and for pullers and scorers if work performed on gun range itself.
  2. OK for 14 and over (General Employment).
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(8).

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Traveling Shows and Street Carnivals

  1. SEE Amusement Parks, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).
  2. SEE Street Carnivals and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(18).

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Tree Trimming

  1. OK for 16 and over. No power-driven saws.
  2. OK for 12 and over. Tree Farms with no other business = Agriculture. Can trim trees on a farm with non-power tools, with ladders no more than 20 feet higher.
  3. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Farms with trees having butts more than 6" in diameter, over 15 feet long to be loaded in trucks would be considered logging.
  4. Tree Wreath Making - Christmas tree wreath making is manufacturing and the minor must be 16.
  5. SEEAgriculture & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(6).

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Trenches

  1. OK for 16 and over to work in ditches and trenches not exceeding 4 feet in depth at any point.
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS - Trenches, tunnels and caissons over 4 feet in depth.
  3. SEE Excavation Operations and Confined Space & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(7) and DWD 270.12(9).

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Warehousing and Storage

  1. OK for 16 and over.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(20).

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Water Slides

  1. OK for 16 and over to load and unload water slide riders.
  2. SEE Amusements, Ski Hills, Street Carnivals, and Traveling Shows & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(2).

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Welding

  1. OK for 16 and over to do light or spot welding.
  2. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.13(15).

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Woodworking Power-Driven Machines

  1. OK for 16 and over.
    1. Removal of material or refuse if it has been conveyed away from table or point of operation by gravity chute, or by a mechanical means such as a moving belt or expulsion roller.
      1. From a Circular saw
      2. From a Guillotine-action veneer clipper
    2. Operations that do not involve removing material or refuse directly from a saw table or from the point of operation.
      1. Carrying
      2. Moving
      3. Transporting
      4. Piling
      5. Stacking
      6. Arranging material for feeding by another person
      7. Sorting
      8. Tying
      9. Bundling
      10. Loading
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS
    1. Occupations of operating power-driven woodworking machines including chain saws and including supervising, controlling, feeding material into, helping operator to feed material into such machines.
    2. Occupations of setting up, adjusting, repairing, oiling or cleaning. NOTE: Setting up, adjusting, repairing & cleaning is allowable provided the tasks are completed electronically; in a manner so that the youth is not accessing sharp or moveable arts; OR the equipment is locked out/tagged out with no power.
    3. Occupations of off-bearing from circular saws and from guillotine-action veneer clippers.
    4. Power-driven woodworking machines fixed or portable or tools driven by power used or designed for:
      1. Cutting
      2. Shaping
      3. Forming
      4. Surfacing
      5. Nailing
      6. Stapling-Staple Guns
      7. Wire stitching
      8. Fastening
      9. Or otherwise assembling, pressing or printing wood or veneer
      10. Removal of material or refuse directly from saw table or point of operation
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(27).

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Wreaths - Wreath Making

  1. SEE Tree Trimming

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Wrecking, Demolition and Ship-Breaking

  1. OK for 16 and over IF -
    1. NOT at the site of total, or partial, razing, demolishing or dismantling:
      1. work in salvage material yard
      2. work in scrap metal yard
  2. Prohibited to ALL MINORS -
    1. All occupations including cleanup and salvage work performed at the site of total or partial razing, demolishing or dismantling of a:
      1. Building
      2. Bridge
      3. Steeple
      4. Tower
      5. Chimney
      6. Other structure
      7. Ship or vessel
      8. Motor vehicle
  3. Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(28).

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X-Rays

  1. SEE Radioactive Substances and Ionizing Radiations & Wis. Admin. Code § DWD 270.12(23).

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29 CFR § 570.71 - Occupations involved in Agriculture

More Information

  1. Findings and declarations of fact as to specific occupations. The following occupations in agriculture are particularly hazardous for the employment of children below the age of 16:
    1. Operating a tractor of over 20 PTO horsepower, or connecting or disconnecting an implement or any of its parts to or from such a tractor.
    2. Operating or assisting to operate (including starting, stopping, adjusting, feeding, or any other activity involving physical contact associated with the operation) any of the following machines:
      1. Corn picker, cotton picker, grain combine, hay mower, forage harvester, hay baler, potato digger, or mobile pea viner;
      2. Feed grinder, crop dryer, forage blower, auger conveyor, or the unloading mechanism of a nongravity-type self-unloading wagon or trailer; or
      3. Power post-hole digger, power post driver, or nonwalking type rotary tiller.
    3. Operating or assisting to operate (including starting, stopping, adjusting, feeding, or any other activity involving physical contact associated with the operation) any of the following machines:
      1. Trencher or earthmoving equipment;
      2. Fork lift;
      3. Potato combine; or
      4. Power-driven circular, band, or chain saw.
      1. Bull, boar, or stud horse maintained for breeding purposes; or
      2. Sow with suckling pigs, or cow with newborn calf (with umbilical cord present)
    4. Felling, bucking, skidding, loading, or unloading timber with butt diameter of more than 6 inches.
    5. Working from a ladder or scaffold (painting, repairing, or building structures, pruning trees, picking fruit, etc.) at a height of over 20 feet.

Where to Write for Vital Records

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Questions about employment of minors should be directed to the Department of Workforce Development Equal Rights Division.

To visit our offices:

Madison Office
201 E Washington Ave; Room A100
Madison, WI 53703
Phone: 608-266-6860 - 608-264-8752 (TTY)

Milwaukee Office
819 N. 6th St; Room 723
Milwaukee, WI 53203
Phone: 414-227-4384 - 414-227-4081 (TTY)



Our mailing addresses:

Madison Office
PO Box 8928
Madison, WI 53708-8928
Phone: 608-266-6860 - 608-264-8752 (TTY)

Milwaukee Office
PO Box 7997
Madison, WI 53707-7997
Phone: 414-227-4384 - 414-227-4081 (TTY)



Office Hours: Monday - Friday 7:45 am - 4:30 pm

The Department of Workforce Development is an equal opportunity service provider. If you have a disability and/or have a labor standards or civil rights question and need this information in an alternate format, or need it translated to another language, please contact us at the above numbers.

DWD es un empleador y proveedor de servicios que ofrece igualdad de oportunidades. Si tiene una discapacidad y necesita ayuda con esta información, marque 7-1-1 para comunicarse con el Wisconsin Relay Service (Servicio de Retransmisión de Wisconsin). Comuníquese con la División de Derechos Iguales al (608) 264-8752 para pedir información en un formato alternativo, incluida la traducción a otro idioma.

DWD yog ib tus tswv hauj lwm thiab muab kev pab muaj vaj huam sib luag rau sawv daws. Yog koj muaj ib tus mob xiam oob qhab tsis taus thiab xav tau kev pab rau daim ntawv no, thov hu rau 7-1-1 rau Wisconsin Relay Service. Thov hu rau Fab Saib Xyuas Kev Muaj Cai Sib Txig ntawm (608) 264-8752 mus thov kom muab daim ntawv no kho ua lwm hom kom koj nyeem tau, nrog rau qhov kom muab txhais ua lwm hom lus.

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